How to avoid diarrhea when traveling
Healthy Eating And Diet / / August 12, 2017
Diarrhoea in the traveler - runny, watery stools, diarrhea.People can get diarrhea when they visit the places where not clean contaminated water or food that is not processed for safety, especially in the third world or developing countries.This article discusses what you should eat or drink a traveler who has diarrhea.
bacteria and other substances in food and water can cause diarrhea in travelers.People living in areas where you travel, often do not get sick because their bodies are accustomed to the bacteria.
traveler can reduce the risk of diarrhea by avoiding water, ice and food that may be contaminated.The purpose of the diet for diarrhea traveler - to reduce the symptoms and do not let him get dehydrated.
traveler's diarrhea is rarely dangerous for adults.It can be more serious for children.
How to prevent traveler's diarrhea
- do not use water from the tap for drinking or brushing teeth;
- do not use ice made from tap water;
- use only boiled water (seething, at least 5 m
For babies breastfeeding is the best and safest source of food.However, the stress of travel can reduce the amount of breast milk.
- Drink only pasteurized milk;
- Drink bottled drinks if the seal on the bottle has not been broken;
- hot drinks are usually safe.
- do not eat raw fruits and vegetables, if you have not cleared them.Thoroughly wash all fruits and vegetables before eating them;
- do not eat raw leafy vegetables (such as lettuce, spinach, cabbage, greens any), because they are difficult to clean from dirt and harmful bacteria;
- do not eat raw meat or meat of unknown species;
- Avoid shellfish;
- Do not buy food from street vendors;
- eat hot, well-cooked foods.Fire kills bacteria.But do not eat a hot meal, which lay somewhere for a long time.
- wash your hands frequently;
- watch out for the children, so they do not put things in her mouth and, if touched the dirty things, and then not to put their hands in their mouths;
- if possible, to protect infants from crawling on dirty floors or dirty shelves;
- make sure the utensils and containers, from which you eat, clean.
No vaccine against traveler's diarrhea.
doctor may recommend medications that can help reduce the risk of disease.Most people do not need to take antibiotics every day to prevent diarrhea while traveling.
People who have a risk of contracting dangerous infections (such as chronic bowel disease, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, or HIV) should talk to your doctor before you go somewhere, especially in underdeveloped countries.
Rifaximin medicine can also help prevent diarrhea in travelers.Ask your doctor if this medicine is suitable for you.
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What if diarrhea occurred in the journey
In the case of diarrhea, follow the advice that will help you feel better:
- drink from8 and 10 glasses of fluid every day;
- drink at least 1 cup of liquid every time you feel that the intestine is weakened;
- instead of three large meals a day, eat food in small portions every few hours;
- Eat salty foods - such as crackers, pickles, soups, etc .;
- eat foods high in potassium - such as bananas, potatoes without the skin, and fruit juices.
Dehydration means that the body does not have enough and it needs water and liquids.This is a very big problem for children or people who are in a hot climate.
Signs of severe dehydration:
- reducing the amount of urine (fewer wet diapers in infants);
- dry mouth;
- sunken eyes;
- few tears when crying.
recommend in such cases to give the liquid a child within the first 4-6 hours after the onset of severe dehydration during the journey.First, you can try to give 2 tablespoons of fluid every 30-60 minutes.
Fruit juice or broth with water added to it can also help.These drinks may give your child important minerals are lost from diarrhea.
If a woman is nursing her child, she should continue to do so in the journey.If she gives him a "formula feeding babies" (baby food), then you need to use it is not completely within two to three feedings after the onset of diarrhea.Then it is already possible to start regularly give formula feeding.
In third world countries, many health agencies recommend the use of packages with salt mixing it with water.You can do this salt water and their own, by mixing:
- 1/2 teaspoon salt;
- 2 tablespoons sugar or rice powder;
- 1/4 tea spoon of potassium chloride (salt substitute);
- 1/2 teaspoon trisodium citrate (can replace soda);
- 1 liter of pure water.
If an adult or child has symptoms of severe dehydration, as well as if they have high fever or bloody stools, they should seek immediate medical attention.