Hypertrichosis - unwanted hair growth in women
Obstetrics And Gynecology / / April 26, 2016
normal amount of hair on the body of women is changing.Most of the time the woman has only a thin hair or peach fuzz.When dark hair grow in these areas, it is called "hirsutism".Such hair growth is more typical for men.
Alternative names: hirsutism.
reasons for unwanted hair growth in women
Women tend to produce low levels of male hormones (androgens).If her body produces too much of these hormones, a woman may have unwanted hair growth.
In most cases, the exact cause can never be fully known.This symptom usually occurs in families (once in several members of one family).In general, hirsutism - a harmless condition, but many women find it awkward or uncomfortable.
common cause of hirsutism is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS - a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of female hormones and this may lead to changes in the menstrual cycle, the cysts in the ovaries, problems getting pregnant and other health changes) .
Women with PCOS and other problems with hormones that cause unwanted
Other rare causes of unwanted hair growth may include:
- tumor or cancer of the adrenal glands;
- cancer, or ovarian cancer;
- polycystic ovary syndrome (Cushing's syndrome, Cushing's syndrome - brings together a group of diseases in which there is a chronic long-term effects on the body of excessive amounts of adrenal hormones, regardless of the reason that caused the increase in the amount of these hormones in the blood);
- congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH - a group of diseases that are inherited in an autosomal recessive way in which disrupted production of cortisol by the adrenal glands Genes associated with adrenal hyperplasia, encode enzymes involved in steroidogenesis - chain reactions for conversion of cholesterol to steroids.);
- hyperthecosis (a condition in which the ovaries produce too many male hormones);
- the use of some medications, including such as: testosterone, danazol, anabolic steroids, glucocorticoids, cyclosporine, phenytoin and Minoxidil.
Rarely a woman with hirsutism will have normal levels of male hormones, and specific causes of unwanted hair growth can not always be identified and understood.
female patients should contact their doctor if:
- her hair grow faster;
- the patient women and men have the functions - such as acne, deepening of the voice, increased muscle mass and decreased breast size;
- a woman is concerned that the drug may cause deterioration - increase in unwanted hair growth.
Your doctor will need to perform a physical examination.gynecological examination can be carried out.The doctor will ask the patient questions about her medical history and symptoms, including:
- whether an excessive amount of hair as well and other members of her family;
- what medications the patient is taking;
- whether hair growth periods in her regular;
- Is the patient pregnant woman;
- Do women have increased muscle mass and acne, whether the size of her breasts decreased;
- when a woman first noticed these symptoms.
the diagnosis of blood tests can be done, including:
- to testosterone;
- for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S);
- on luteinizing hormone (LH);
- on follicle stimulating hormone (FSH);
- on prolactin;
If suspected tumor, it may be recommended tests such as x-rays, CT scan or ultrasound.
Treatment of unwanted hair growth in women
hirsutism, usually - long-term problem.There are several ways to remove or treat unwanted hair.However, some effects of the treatment last longer than others:
- weight loss in obese women may reduce hair growth;
- whitening or bleaching hair can make hirsutism less noticeable.
Temporary hair removal options include:
- shaving does not cause more hair growth, but the hair may look thicker;
- candles - a pretty safe and they are usually not expensive.However, their use can be painful and there is a risk of scarring, edema and skin darkening;
- can be used chemical substances, but most of them have an unpleasant odor.
Permanent hair removal options include: electrolysis - uses electrical current to damage individual hair follicles so they do not branch again.This method is expensive and requires several procedures.As a result of the electrolysis may occur swelling, scarring and redness.
Laser hair removal uses a laser aimed at darker color (melanin) in the hairs.This method is best if you want to treat a very large area of the body, and if the hair - especially the dark (it does not work for light or red hair).
medicines or other treatments that your doctor may prescribe include:
- the pill (although it may take several months to begin to notice their effect);
- anti-androgen drugs - such as spironolactone, if birth control pills are not working.There is a risk of birth defects if a woman becomes pregnant while taking these medications;
- laser hair removal or electrolysis.