Diet in diabetes type 1
Healthy Eating And Diet / / April 23, 2016
Alternative names: diet for type 1 diabetes;mellitus type 1 - a diet.
If type 1 diabetes in humans, then it is important and necessary to know how many carbs he eats every day.This information will help him determine how much insulin he should take with your meal to maintain and control the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
other essential nutrients, protein and fat, also have an effect on blood glucose levels, although not as fast and strong as carbohydrates.Use of carbohydrates increases the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
delicate balance of carbohydrates, insulin and physical activity is necessary to maintain normal levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.If all this is not in equilibrium in the body, the person may have wide variations in the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
If type 1 diabetes to take a fixed dose of insulin, the carbohydrate content of meals and snacks should be appropriate all the time, every day.
Children and diabetes type 1
Weight and growth pattern
Changes in eating habits and increased physical activity will help to improve the management level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.For children with diabetes, special occasions (such as, eg, birthdays) require additional power supply planning because of the extra sweets or cakes.A parent may allow the child to eat sweet foods, but then have to reduce the amount of carbohydrates during other meals that day.For example, if a child eats a cake in honor of the birthday, candy or other sweets, he should not have the usual daily amount of potatoes, pasta or rice.This substitution helps keep calories and carbohydrates in balance.
One of the most challenging aspects of managing diabetes is meal planning.It is necessary to work closely with your doctor and dietitian to develop a meal plan that supports the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood close to normal.nutrition plan should provide the patient with diabetes or adult child the necessary amount of calories to maintain his healthy body weight.
food that a person eats, increases the amount of glucose in the blood.Insulin lowers the blood sugar (glucose) in the blood.Balancing food and insulin, can maintain its blood sugar (glucose) in the blood within a normal range.You also need to bear in mind the following:
- the doctor or dietitian should review the types of food which usually eat sick (adult or child) and build a meal plan based on this.Use of insulin should be a mandatory part of the meal plan.We need to understand how each meals along with insulin starts to work in the body of the patient;
- patient (adult or child) need to be consistent.Meals and snacks should be eaten at the same time each day.You can not skip meals and snacks.It is necessary to have in reserve a certain amount and types of food (carbohydrates, fats and proteins), in correct proportion to one another, day after day;
- need to know how to read the label on a food product, to an adult or child to plan their consumption of carbohydrates;
- need to use insulin in one and the same time each day, prescribed by a doctor.
doctor will tell whether the patient (adult or child) to adjust the insulin dose based on the amount of sugar needed (glucose) in the blood and the amount of food eaten.
Having diabetes does not mean that the patient (adult or child) should completely give up any particular food, but he would have to change the kinds of foods that he should eat regularly.We recommend to choose products that maintain the normal level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.Products must also provide enough calories to maintain a healthy weight person.
- Type 1 diabetes
- Diet in diabetes
- Nutrition and diet in diabetes: the main recommendations
- Diet for gestational diabetes
- diet in type 2 diabetes
Recommendations on diet in type 1 diabetes
dietitian can help the right to decide how to balance your diet of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.Here are some general guidelines:
- the amount of each type of food that a person with diabetes should eat depends on its diet, weight, how often he plays sports, and other existing health risks.Everyone has individual needs, and that is why it must consult with your doctor or a dietitian to develop a meal plan that will work for him;
- People with diabetes should eat more grains, legumes, vegetables and as little fat and sweets as possible.This diet will help maintain healthy heart and his whole body.
- grains, legumes and starchy vegetables . (6 or more servings per day).Foods such as bread, cereals, beans, rice, pasta and starchy vegetables should form the basis of the diet of the patient with diabetes type 1. These foods are usually loaded with vitamins, minerals, fiber and healthy carbohydrates.
is important, however, to eat foods with lots of fiber.Choose whole grains - such as whole-grain bread or crackers, tortillas, bran cereal, brown rice or beans.Use whole grain flour or another whole grain.Choose low-fat varieties of bread - such as bagels, cakes, savory muffins, and pita bread.
- Vegetables . (3-5 servings a day).Choose fresh or frozen vegetables without added sauces, fats, or salt.It is better to choose dark green and yellow vegetables - such as spinach, broccoli, romaine lettuce (lettuce), carrots and bell pepper.
- Fruits. (2-4 servings per day).Choose whole fruits more often than juices.The fruits have more fiber.Citrus fruits - such as oranges, grapefruits and tangerines - are the best.Fruit juice drink in which no added sweeteners or syrups.
- Milk. (2-3 servings per day).Choose low-fat or nonfat milk or yogurt.The yoghurt typically has a natural sugar, but it may also contain added sugar or artificial sweeteners.Yogurt with artificial sweeteners has fewer calories than yogurt with added sugar and is more harmful to the patient's diabetes.
- Meat and fish. (2-3 servings per day).Eat fish and poultry more often.Remove the skin from chicken and turkey.Choose lean meats - beef, veal, pork or game.Cut all visible fat from meat.Meat - bake, roast, parte, cook on the grill.
- fats, alcohol and sweets s.In general diabetic must restrict fat intake, particularly high in saturated fat - hamburgers, cheese, bacon, butter.Alcohol
better not to take or at least greatly limit its use as sweetness and high fat and sugar.
Other tips on how you can avoid by eating large amounts of sweet:
- ask for extra spoons and forks and split your dessert with others;
- eat sweets that sugar;
- always ask for small portions;
- you also need to know how to read food labels and keep in mind these data when making food decisions.