Useful and harmful products for the liver
Gastroenterology / / May 10, 2016
The liver plays a major role in metabolism.In addition, it produces bile necessary for digestion."Errors" in food cause disorders of the liver "and people already suffering from various diseases - their aggravation.
What are the conditions for the normal functioning of the liver?
First of all, of course, you need to follow a diet, eliminate from the diet foods irritate the liver, use proper cooking of them.That is, the diet must provide the best possible rest of the body and at the same time deprive the body of necessary nutrients.
diet set depending on the nature of liver disease and developmental stage of the disease (acute or chronic).But in any case, be aware that the best is 4-5 meals a day, in small portions, in the same hours.When a person eats only 1-2 times a day, making long breaks between meals, bile stagnates, and this often leads not only to the development or aggravation of cholecystitis, hepatitis, but also to the emergence of gallstones.
In acute inflammation of the liver
We would like to warn against the common error: the years can not eat pureed or minced food.After all, light diet is appointed only for the duration of exacerbations.Fresh berries, fruits and vegetables give preference to sweet varieties.However, some vegetables in liver diseases are harmful in any way.It - beans, peas, beans, radish, turnip, radish, garlic, onions, spinach.
Meat "chronicles" can have not only boiled, and baked.The amount of fat in the diet increases the expense of vegetable oils (sunflower, olive, corn).Due to the contents therein so-called unsaturated fatty acids is normalized cholesterol metabolism and fat.In addition, the oil has a strong choleretic action, and thus prevents the development of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis.Especially useful with vegetable oil have salads of raw vegetables, as their fiber helps to eliminate cholesterol from the body.This is important not only for the prevention of atherosclerosis, but also to prevent the occurrence of gallstones.
general fat in diets is not necessary to limit sharply.Yes, and it is practically impossible to create a full diet low in its content.In addition to meat, fish and other protein products in the body will inevitably go and fat.Thus, even in 100 g lean beef grades it contains 3.2 g Total fat in the diet can be 80-100 grams per day.And it's not so much, as it seems, because you need to take into account the "hidden" fats found in meat, fish, milk, and add to it the fat that goes on cooking.The optimal combination is 2/3 and 1/3 tallow oil.
But fat is fat hatred.It's hard-digestible fat, lard and fatty meats (pork, lamb, goose, duck) liver disease is prohibited.
incorrectly received by those who regularly indulges in black bread.Outside the periods of exacerbations should eat the bread and rye, and wheat meal, as they improve digestion, promote good bowel movement.But the pastry, muffins, cakes better excluded from the diet, as they are very "difficult" for the liver.The same applies to fungi, which in most patients and exacerbate attacks of pain.
should not, eat ice cream.It is, as any food and drinks, just taken out of the refrigerator, resulting in spasms of the biliary tract.
It is important that the food received a sufficient amount of protein, of which the proteins are synthesized in the liver tissue, blood enzymes.At night they need to 100-120 g At least half should fall on animal proteins (meat, fish, eggs, milk), and the rest - on the plant.
In diseases of the liver, doctors recommend drinking mineral water Borjomi, Essentuki №4 and 17, Narzan, Smirnoff, Slavyanovskaya.In the same healing effect have Transcaucasian water Sairme, Badamli, Bjni, Jermuk, Arzni, Java;Baltic Viru those Vytautas, Druskininkai;Siberian Darasun, Swallow, Amur, and many others.
Drink water heated to 40-45 °, and only in remission (healing), but not in the acute phase of the disease.Norma - a glass 3 times a day.At low acidity of gastric juice for 30 minutes before a meal, with a normal 45-60 at elevated - 1.5 hours before eating.
Physicians are often asked whether it was true that the liver helps aloe (agave) and honey?In fact, aloe can normalize bowel activity, but its medicinal properties are manifested only when the intestine gets a sufficient amount of bile.A case of acute and chronic diseases of the bile ducts, gall bladder and liver it produces less.So, aloe can not manifest its action, and such patients agave juice should not be accepted.
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As for the honey, then it contains fructose easily digested liver cells and increases the body's energy resources.But honey does not consist of fructose, it has many other biologically active substances, and such and that cause allergies.Therefore, honey can be eaten, but not more than 50 grams per day, and only when the acute phase of the disease is over.