Diet for constipation
Gastroenterology / / May 06, 2016
Constipation - one of the symptoms characteristic of various diseases of the digestive system.They may occur in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, hemorrhoids, intestinal polyps.
prevalence of constipation in the last decade is associated with physical inactivity, systematic non-compliance with diet, using foods that contain little dietary fiber (plant fiber), which promote intestinal peristalsis.Passion for food containing animal protein (meat, fish, eggs, cottage cheese), may also predispose to constipation.Too long, and without the need for compliance with the excessive light diet can also lead to disruption of the evacuation of bowel function.
We will focus on recommendations that may be useful both to those who suffer from chronic diseases of the bowel, accompanied by constipation (diet number 3), as well as healthy people who have constipation occur sporadically through poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyles (diet number15).
Diet number 3 is indicated for chronic diseases of the intestine with
Excluded products and dishes that enhance fermentation in the gut adversely affecting the other organs of digestion - the stomach, gall bladder (fried foods, vegetables, rich in essential oils).The food is prepared mainly milled, boiled in water or steamed, baked.Excluded from the diet of bread from flour of higher grades, flaky and pastry, fatty meats, fish, poultry, meats, whole milk, rice, semolina, radishes, radish, garlic, onions, turnips, fatty and spicy food, horseradish, mustardpepper, cooking fats.Exclude cocoa, chocolate, organic coffee, strong tea.Limit legumes.
Recommended dishes and products
Soups - the vegetable broth with barley or buckwheat on loosely skim meat, fish broth;beetroot, fruit soups.
Meat and fish dishes - from lean meat, poultry (chicken, turkey) and fish (. Cod, hake, ice, perch, saffron cod, etc.), boiled, baked, fish in aspic.Meat and poultry cooked piece mainly include dishes from cutlet weight: chops, cutlets, meatballs (steam or baked in milk sauce).
Vegetable dishes - fresh vegetables (carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce), boiled and stewed carrots, potatoes, beets, zucchini, pumpkin, cauliflower.Dishes from groats and pasta - can be friable porridge cook, Krupenik, casseroles made of buckwheat, millet, barley groats.Pasta, noodles boiled and baked (not every day).
Egg dishes - boiled eggs (2 eggs per day), as well as steam omelets (not every day).
Milk and dairy products - milk only in the dishes;Various lactic acid drinks: kefir, sour, acidophilus;cottage cheese and dishes from it (puddings, dumplings, cheese cakes);not sharp cheeses.
Fruit and berries - fresh ripe sweet fruits and berries, dried fruit (prunes, dried apricots, dried apricots, figs).
Snacks - sausage such as "Doctor", lean ham, jellied fish, cheese, boiled tongue, salads, raw and cooked vegetables.
sweets - honey, jam, candy, jellies.
Drinks - rather weak tea with sugar or xylitol, coffee drinks, broth hips, a decoction of wheat bran, fruit fresh and dried fruit.
Juices - fruit, berry, vegetable.
fats - butter and vegetable (added to the ready-made meals).
bread - wheat flour of grade II, the grain, "Doctor";bread with added bran.
exemplary diet menu number 3
1st breakfast.Salad of beets, carrots and apples with a vegetable oil (olive, sunflower) or vinaigrette with vegetable oil, boiled fish with vegetables, stewed apples or dried fruit on xylitol.
2nd breakfast.Beets boiled with vegetable oil or fresh grated carrots with sour cream and sugar, fruit juice.
Lunch.Soup assorted vegetables (cauliflower, carrots, potatoes, green peas), meat boiled with vegetables.Tea.
Snack.Prunes or dried apricots, tea with xylitol.
Dinner.Burgers Carrot-apple, crumbly buckwheat porridge, kefir.
on all day.Bread, cereal, wheat (or "Health", "Doctor"), 200 g vegetable oil (in a dish) 25 g butter 5 g
If complaints of constipation impose practically healthy people (on the conclusion of the doctor), they can berecommend a diet number 15 with the inclusion of an increased number of products and foods that activate the intestinal peristalsis.This is especially foods rich in dietary fiber: rye bread and bran, various vegetables and fruits.
To activate bowel movement every day is useful to include in the diet of vegetable oils (sunflower, olive, corn, cottonseed, etc.), Using them for salads and salads with fresh and cooked vegetables.Useful milk products (yogurt, kefir, acidophilus, yoghurt), activating the motor function of the intestine.
Those who suffer from constipation and received dietary table number 15, often useful to include in the diet of borscht, beetroot, cabbage, pickled vegetables, including cabbage, fried foods (assuming good tolerability).
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works well with a special blend of constipation. To prepare it, we must take in equal proportions (100 g) of dried prunes, dried apricots, figs, rinse well, pour over boiling water and mince.Add 100 g of honey and 5-7 g of crushed senna (Senna).All mix thoroughly, put them into a glass jar and store in refrigerator.1 tablespoon of the mixture, diluted in 1/2 glass of tap water, taken before bedtime.
resort to laxatives and cleansing enemas for constipation is permitted only on the recommendation of the attending physician.Dietary adjustment diet, taking into account the above, is often the most effective means of treatment and prevention of constipation.