Diet for peptic ulcer
Gastroenterology / / May 05, 2016
(diet number 1a, 1b, 1)
Peptic ulcer disease - a chronic disease of the whole body with ulcerative lesions of the stomach or duodenum.The aggravation of the disease may occur due to violations of the normal activity of the nervous system (excessive tension, severe mental shock, prolonged or repetitive hard feelings).A major role in the occurrence of peptic ulcer disease plays a failure to comply with proper diet (irregular meals, dry rations).The main symptoms of peptic ulcer are periodic, mostly on an empty stomach and at night but, pain in the upper abdomen, heartburn, belching, vomiting.
presence of ulcers in the stomach or duodenum in peptic ulcer disease - a local manifestation of the disease of the whole organism, in which the broken nerve, humoral, and metabolic processes.
treatment of peptic ulcer disease should be comprehensive, including a number of methods, among which belongs to the therapeutic feeding a leading position.
Basic principles of clinical nutrition at an
- the creation of most of the rest of the gastric mucosa and duodenal ulcers;
- exclusion of products that have a strong aphrodisiac effect;
- exclusion of products, mechanically irritating the gastric mucosa (ie, food is given mainly in the form of shabby..);
- frequent and smaller meals.Eating every 3-4 hours is contraindicated excessive introduction of food for 1 admission.;
- the exception is too cold or very hot food;
- high nutritional value of the diet containing adequate amounts of protein, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, mainly C, B, A.
excluded from the diet enhancing the secretion of gastric juice products: meat, fish and mushroom broth, roastedand stewed in its own juices meat and fish, smoked and pickled products, spices and seasonings (mustard, pepper, etc.), alcoholic beverages, soda, strong tea and coffee.Do not include products containing coarse fiber (turnips, rutabaga, radish), mechanically irritating the stomach lining.
In sparing diet includes foods and dishes, slightly stimulating gastric secretion: milk, cream, cheese, cereal, pureed boiled vegetables, mashed cereals and vegetarian (except for cabbage) soups, soft-boiled eggs or scrambled eggs, boiled meat and fish, weak tea,alkaline mineral water containing no carbon dioxide.
Recall that proteins are rich in milk and cheese, cheese, eggs, meat and fish.Fats are found in butter and vegetable oil, milk and cream.Many carbohydrates in the bread and crackers, pasta and cereals (rice, semolina, oats, barley etc.), As well as potatoes.An important source of vitamin C is the broth hips.
should be borne in mind that some people milk can increase gastric acidity and cause heartburn.
Depending on the characteristics of the course of ulcer disease used several diets.So, with a sharp aggravation shows diet number 1a and 16 appointed for a short period, at least a sharp aggravation - diet number 1 (it is also effective when flaccid, malosimptomno course of the disease, without the expressed pain and heartburn).
course of treatment usually begin with the most gentle diet, going to a load.
diet number 1a provides maximum mechanical and chemical sparing the stomach.All dishes are mashed, liquid or pasty consistency.They are boiled in water or steamed.
Recommended dishes and products
Soups - mucous from rice, oat or barley cereals;soup of semolina (cooked with the addition of egg-milk mixture, cream or butter).Broth can be prepared (to speed up the cooking process) and flour for baby food and dietary or milled cereals.
Meat and fish dishes - steam souffle of lean meat (beef, veal, pork or rabbit), poultry (chicken, turkey), fish (cod, ling, hake, ice, saffron cod, and others.).Souffle include in the diet of 1 times a day.
Cereal meals and side dishes - mashed, liquid porridge of rice, oat or buckwheat;semolina porridge, rice and buckwheat flour (with the addition of milk or cream).
dishes from eggs - soft-boiled eggs, steam scrambled eggs, whipped egg whites (meringue).
Milk and milk products - whole milk, condensed milk, whipped cream and natural, freshly prepared fresh cheese, cottage cheese steam souffle.
Fruit and berry dishes - jelly and jelly sweet varieties.
Drinks - weak tea with milk or cream, broth hips, sweet fruit and berry juices, broth wheat bran.
fats - butter (added to the ready-made meals).
excluded from the diet of bread and bakery products.
Sample menu diet number 1a
1st breakfast.Steam omelet, butter, milk (1 cup).
2nd breakfast.Milk (1 cup).
Lunch.Rice slimy soup, meat steam souffle with vegetable oil, fruit jelly.
Snack.soft-boiled egg, milk (1 cup).
Dinner.Milk semolina, lemon jelly.
before bedtime.Milk (1 cup).
Diet number 16 (less than gentle) contains more steam dishes from mashed meat and fish (patties and meatballs, dumplings and rolls, souffle).Allowed sauce - milk or sour cream (fresh cream), dried white bread (75 g) of fat - butter or refined olive oil, sunflower oil, corn oil (oil in its natural form is added to the ready-made meals).Most dairy prepare pureed porridge, soups of various pureed cereals (rice, oat, barley, buckwheat, barley or millet).The liquid or pasty food cooked in water or steamed.
Sample menu diet number 16
1st breakfast.Meat patties with steam milk sauce, mashed rice porridge, tea with milk.
2nd breakfast.Fruit jelly, crackers.
Lunch.Milk soup of mashed barley groats, steam meatballs meat, fruit jelly.
Snack.Boiled egg, broth hips (1 cup).
Dinner.Fish souffle, mashed buckwheat porridge, fruit jelly.
the night.Milk (1 cup).
Diet number 1 characterized by less strict observance of the principles of mechanical and chemical schazheniya.Allowed white bread, boiled meat (minced) and fish, boiled and mashed vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets, zucchini, pumpkin) and fruits.
The diet includes milk, cream, fresh sour cream, cottage cheese, nesdobnoe biscuits, butter, soft-boiled eggs or steam scrambled eggs, milk cereals pureed soups, milk soups, vegetables, milk soups with noodles, porridge dairy mashed, pasta andvermicelli boiled, baked dishes admit, weak tea with milk.
From diets exclude broth and cabbage broth.All dishes are mashed, boiled in water or steamed.
This diet - the main course in nutritional therapy in peptic ulcer disease.There are 2 versions of this diet: in one case, prepare pureed food, in another - neprotertye.
Recommended dishes and products
Soups - Dairy pureed cereals (oats, rice, buckwheat, barley, semolina);milk with pureed vegetables, pasta or noodles;pureed vegetables (potato, carrot, beet) with egg-milk mixture, seasoned with butter or oil.
Meat and fish dishes - from the low-fat varieties of burgers, dumplings, meatballs, mashed potatoes, soufflé, rolls etc., cooked in water or steamed..
Dishes from groats and pasta - milk porridge pureed (rice, oat, barley, barley, millet, buckwheat);semolina porridge and oatmeal "Hercules", souffles, puddings from mashed cereals;dish of noodles, pasta, home-made noodles.
Vegetable dishes - potatoes, carrots, beets, cauliflower, pumpkin, zucchini, green peas: boiled, pureed as a sauce, steam souffles and puddings (no crust).
Egg dishes - boiled eggs, steam omelettes, whipped egg whites (meringue).
Milk and milk products - whole milk, condensed milk, cream, freshly prepared fresh curd cheese soufflé and quiches, dumplings with cottage cheese, sour cream, mild cheeses.
Fruit and berry specialties: organic fruit and berries ripe sweet varieties, boiled, mashed or baked;sweet berry juice - strawberry or raspberry;jelly, jelly and mousse;baked apples.
sweets - honey, jams, preserves, sweet berries and fruits, candy, marshmallows.
Sauces - milk, sour cream or fruit.
Spicy vegetables - parsley, dill (a little).
fats - butter and vegetable (added to the ready-made meals).
Drinks - weak tea with milk or cream, broth hips or wheat bran, carrot juice.
bread - wheat, slightly over dried, nesdobnoe cookies.
- Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer
- Nutrition in chronic gastritis
- diet in chronic gastritis
- Gastritis with low acidity, traditional treatments
- Heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
Sample menu diet number 1
1st breakfast.Boiled egg, milk porridge oatmeal mashed, milk tea.
2nd breakfast.Baked apple, broth hips.
Lunch.Mashed barley soup, meat patties with steam milk sauce, mashed potatoes with vegetable oil, fruit jelly.
Snack.Milk jelly, biscuit.
Dinner.Steam Fish meatballs with noodles and tea.
the night.Milk (1 cup), biscuits.
If peptic ulcer disease is no express pain and heartburn (when it comes to ulcer disease in remission), it is often the most effective diet number 1 without mechanical schazheniya.Especially illustrates this diet, if the disease is accompanied by a decrease in motor function of the intestine, which is manifested by constipation.The food is prepared cooked, but not pureed (meat and fish give the piece, neprotertye vegetables, cereals, and so crisp. D.).
Sample menu diet number 1 without mechanical schazheniya stomach
1st breakfast.Boiled meat with boiled noodles, millet porridge crumbly cheese, tea with milk.
2nd breakfast.Baked apple, broth hips, nesdobnoe cookies.
Lunch.Potato soup vegetarian, stew digested meat with boiled rice, boiled beets with a vegetable oil, tea.
Snack.Boiled egg, milk (1 cup) with cookies.
Dinner.Boiled fish with boiled potatoes, stewed fruit, cheesecake with cottage cheese.
the night.Milk (1 cup) or tea with milk.
Medical nutrition in peptic ulcer disease, despite the many restrictions in a set of products, and the methods of their cooking, yet it should be possible diverse.
In those cases, when patients can not tolerate milk (heartburn, bloating), it is replaced with milk jelly, milk, diluted 1/3 tea or mineral water.