Abdominal pain and their underlying causes
Gastroenterology / / April 27, 2016
Abdominal pain video
Abdominal pain pain is the pain that you feel somewhere in the area between your chest and groin.It is often called the stomach area.
Nearly all occur stomach pain at one time or another.Most of the time, it is not caused by a serious medical problem.
Abdominal pain does not always reflect the severity of the condition, which causes pain.For example, you may feel severe pain in the abdomen, if you have gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis.And sometimes, life-threatening diseases such as cancer of the colon or early appendicitis may only cause mild pain or no pain at all to pass.
Descriptions abdominal pain:
- Pain may be generalized, this means that you will feel it more than half of the abdomen.It is more typical for stomach viruses, indigestion, or gas.If the pain becomes more severe, it may be caused by intestinal blockage.
- Pain that is localized in one area of the abdomen.This type of pain is most likely indicates a problem in the organs such as the
- cramps and pain usually are not serious, and are likely to be associated with the gas and bloating.This is often accompanied by diarrhea.More worrisome signs include pain that lasts longer than the last 24 hours, or is accompanied by fever.
- Colic - this type of pain that comes in waves.Colic usually starts and ends abruptly and is often very painful.Kidney stones and cholelithiasis are common causes of this type of pain in the abdomen.
Common causes of abdominal pain
Many different conditions can cause abdominal pain.It is therefore important to know when you need to get immediate medical attention.Sometimes you may only need to call a doctor if symptoms persist.
Less serious causes of abdominal pain include:
- Syndrome irritable bowel
- Food allergies or intolerances (such as lactose intolerance)
- Food poisoning
- Stomach flu
Other serious causes includeyourself:
- abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Blocking or blockage
bowel - stomach cancer, colon and other organs
- cholecystitis (gallbladder inflammation), with or without gallstones
- Reduction of intestinal blood supply (ischemiaintestine)
- Heartburn, indigestion, or gastroesophageal reflux
- Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
- Stones in
kidneys - Pancreatitis (swelling or pancreatic infection)
Sometimes, abdominal pain may be related to a problem somewhere else in your body such as the chest or pelvic area.For example, you may have abdominal pain, if you:
- Heart attack
- Severe menstrual pain
- Muscle tension
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Tubal (ectopic) pregnancy
- Infectionsurinary tract
If stomach ache, what to do?
If you have a mild pain in the abdomen, the following tips may be helpful:
- Sip water or other clear liquids.
- Avoid solid food for the first few hours.
- If vomiting occurs, wait for 6 hours and then eat a small amount of soft food, such as rice, applesauce.Avoid dairy products.
- If the pain high in the abdomen and begins after meals, antacids may help, especially if you feel heartburn or indigestion.Avoid citrus fruits, foods high in fat, fried or fatty foods, tomato products, caffeine, alcohol and carbonated drinks.
- Avoid taking aspirin, ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers.If you know that your pain is not associated with the liver, you can try acetaminophen (Tylenol).
When should you see a doctor about abdominal pain?
must immediately seek medical attention or call the local emergency number if you:
- At the pass, the treatment of
cancer - Long-term absence of the chair, especially if the condition is accompanied by vomiting
- If vomiting blood or haveblood in the stool (especially if maroon or very dark, and the chair is black)
- pain gives chest departments, neck or
arm - sudden, sharp twinges in
abdomen - pain occurs between the shoulder blades, and accompanied by nausea
- sorestomach or your stomach tight and firm to the touch
- If you are pregnant or could be pregnant
- had a recent injury
stomach - Shortness of breath
Tell your doctor if you:
- abdominal discomfort that lasts1 week or more
- abdominal pain that does not subside in 24 - 48 hours or becomes more severe and accompanied by nausea and vomiting
- Bloating, which persists for more than 2 days
- burning sensation when urinating or frequent urination
- Diarrhea that lasts more than 5 days
- Fever (more than 37.8 ° C for the adults, or 38.0 ° C for children) with pain
- Prolonged lack of appetite
- Prolonged bleeding from the vagina
- Unexplained weight loss
diagnosis of abdominal pain
Your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your symptoms and medical history.Your specific symptoms, location of pain, and when this happens, your doctor will help identify the causes of these pains.
you the following questions will be asked:
- Where do you feel pain?
- whether the pain is localized in any particular place?
- Gives whether the pain in the back, groin, or in the groin?
- Is the pain severe, sharp, or is accompanied by cramps?
- At what time there is pain (morning, afternoon, night)?
- Does the pain wake you up at night?
- Have you had similar pain in the past?How long did each episode?
- When the pain occur?For example, after eating or during menstruation?
- What increases the pain, such as food, stress, or physical activity?
- What eases the pain?For example, the use of milk, defecation, or taking antacids?
- What medications do you take?
- Have you had a recent injury?
- Are you pregnant?
- What symptoms do you have?
you may be referred to diagnostic procedures, such as:
- barium enema
- Analysis of blood, urine and feces
- Computed tomography
- Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy
- ECG (electrocardiogram), or heart tracing
- ultrasound of the abdomen
- US upper GI and small bowel series
- X-ray of the abdomen.
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Prevention of abdominal pain
The following tips can help prevent some types of abdominal pain:
- Avoid greasy or fatty foods.
- Drink lots of water every day.
- Eat more often in small portions.
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid foods that cause flatulence.
- Make sure that your diet is balanced and high in fiber.Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.