Chlorine: Chlorine deficiency and excess chlorine role in the human body
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / August 12, 2017
Chlorine (. From the Greek - "green") - macro element necessary for the regulation of water balance in the body, vypolnyuschy number of vital functions in the body, such as:
- is involved in metabolism in the body;
- together with potassium and sodium to regulate fluid and electrolyte balance;
- part of the body of bioactive compounds;
- normalizes the osmotic pressure;
- regulates the acid-alkaline balance in the intercellular fluid;
- activates enzymes;
- eliminates swelling;
- affects the flexibility of the body;
- stimulates the appetite;
- retains water in the body;
- improves the function of the liver;
- the main part of the gastric juice;
- contributes to the breakdown of fat;
- affects the removal of carbon dioxide from the body;
- monitors the status of red blood cells;
- are involved in maintaining the pH ballansa cells;
- helps to eliminate toxins from the body.
Chloride - a group of chemical compounds, salts of hydrochloric, or hydrochloric, acid.They are an important part of the salt c
chlorine contained in our skin, it also has a blood, interstitial fluid and bone tissue.
Food sources chlorine
Most chlorine is contained in the table or sea salt (sodium chloride), so use it in moderation organism with more than makes up for the lack of it.Chlorides with potassium, which is also in most foods, are usually the main ingredients - salt substitutes.
products with higher amounts of chloride:
- animal meat
- fish, especially salmon, catfish, carp, capelin,flounder, mackerel, tuna
Fruits and vegetables contain a small amount of chlorine.
daily requirement for chlorine
daily chlorine rate for a healthy person - from 800 mg to 6 g Unfortunately, most people use the chlorides in more than they need, in the form of table salt and salt in manufacturedproducts.In hot weather, when increased physical activity, and in other conditions where increased perspiration, chlorine a person needs more.Also other factors are important - such as pregnancy and disease.Women pregnant or breastfeeding need a greater amount of chlorine.Older people - fewer.
The daily rate for chlorine
newborn babies get chlorine along with breast milk, so nursing mothers should take care of the maintenance of normal chlorine levels in the milk.
- 0-6 months: 0.18 g / day
- 7-12 months: 0.57 g / day of chlorine
daily norm for children and students
- 1-3 years: 1.5 g / day
-4-8 years: 1.9 g / day
- 9-13 years: 2.3 g / day of chlorine
daily norm for adolescents and adults
- Men and women aged 14 to 50 years: 2.3g / day
- Men and women aged 51 to 70 years: 2.0 g / day
- Men and women aged 71 years and over: 1.8 g / day
excess and lack of chlorine in the body
Lack of chloride and chlorine in the body can occur when the body loses a lot of fluid.This may be due to excessive sweating, vomiting or diarrhea.
Drugs such as diuretics (taken during the premenstrual period diuretic substances that help the body get rid of fluids;. Means that increase the excretion of water and salts in the urine, increasing urine production rate and reduce the liquid content in the tissues and serous cavities Apply diuretics mainlywith hypertension and diseases of the cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys, accompanied by edema, but not all diseases with edema, and only by a physician, in the absence of contraindications in pathologies, especially in patients with chronic heart failure when the patient has a positive sodium balance, theis the amount of sodium taken with food than its excretion. sodium excretion from the body accompanied by a decrease of edema. Therefore, the most important are those diuretics which increase primarily natriuresis and hlorurez) may also cause low levels of chlorine.
excess chloride in salty products can increase blood pressure or cause excessive fluid accumulation in humans with CHF, cirrhosis of the liver or kidney disease.