Bovine tapeworm ( beef tapeworm infection )
Helminthiases / / May 11, 2016
bovine tapeworm video
teniarinhoza - helminthiasis, which flows mainly from dyspepsia and active output bovine tapeworm segments from the anus.Occasionally there are surgical complications.
is widespread in parts of cattle, which are not followed by actions hygienic maintenance of cattle, insufficient veterinary-sanitary inspection of meat and the population uses in the beef eaten raw or insufficiently heat-treated form.
Etiology and epidemiology
Pathogen teniarinhoza - bovine tapeworm.Helminth reaches a length of 4-10 m. His body consists of a head with four powerful suction cups sometimes pigmented and many (over a thousand) segments.At the end of mature segments of the uterus has a median trunk with lateral branches 18-30.
in puberty stage bullish tapeworm parasite only person with whom he is localized in the small intestine.Intermediate host helminth - cattle.His muscles, rarely in the lungs, liver, brain and other organs and tissues of the parasitic larvae - cysticerci (Finns) tapeworm.T
cattle infected with cysticercosis, eating food contaminated with the feces of the patient human beef tapeworm infection and secrete it during a bowel movement and outside the tapeworm segments bull.A person infected with beef tapeworm infection by eating raw and half-baked meat cattle with cysticerci (Finns) tapeworm.
Pathological anatomy and pathogenesis
in the small intestine when there teniarinhoze catarrh.Suckers tapeworm, pulling the intestinal mucosa, causing damage to it.Helminth described perforation of the intestinal wall.Accumulations of tapeworms sometimes lead to bowel obstruction.It is necessary to take into account nervnoreflektornye reactions caused by irritation of the intestinal tsepnem nerve endings.Consideration should be given considerable mobility of the parasite, and was separated from his joints.
With intensive infestation is essential absorption of worms nutrients and vitamins from the bowel of the patient, as well as a violation of their absorption.Vypolzanija segments from the anus and the movement of the skin have a depressing effect on the patient's psyche.
Sometimes patients only complaint beef tapeworm infection is an indication of the allocation of tapeworm segments from the anus.However, most patients notice a decrease in appetite, nausea, sometimes vomiting, drooling.
study of gastric secretion affects approximately 70% of patients with low acidity of gastric contents.When X-ray study of the intestinal mucosa are detected flatness of the relief of the small intestine, severe restructuring or absence kerkringovyh folds.
of the nervous system at teniarinhoze marked headache, dizziness, irritability or apathy, in individual patients Meniere's syndrome and epileptiform convulsions.Blood tests beef tapeworm infection soon after the infection usually sets the presence of eosinophilia (less than 20% of infested bovine chain), which later often disappears.Approximately 25% of patients with moderate anemia beef tapeworm infection is observed.The color indicator is sometimes greater than one.Measure the diameter of the red blood cells reveals macrocytosis.
some patients beef tapeworm infection occur colic, caused probably penetration tapeworm segments in the appendix or irritation of bauginievoy flap.There are cases of biliary colic, caused by biliary dyskinesia.Occasionally tapeworm bull enters the gallbladder, causing acute cholecystitis.helminth case of blockage common bile duct has been described with the subsequent development of fat necrosis of the pancreas.There are cases of obstructive ileus, perforation tsepnem duodenum, embedding it into the pancreas.
Recognition teniarinhoza tsepnem after reaching puberty is usually not difficult.The diagnosis is confirmed by examining the tapeworm segments extending through the anus actively or passively excreted in the feces during defecation.Auxiliary important study feces and perianal scrape on hexacanth (embryos) helminth.Sometimes after taking sick contrast mass at x-ray can not see tapeworm in the form of a strip width of 0.8-1 cm enlightenment
teniarinhoza usually proceeds benign.In rare complications (ileus, intestinal perforation, and others.) Poor prognosis.Removal of worms from the body of the patient to make appointments anthelmintic - fenasala, ether extract of the rhizomes of the male fern, quinacrine, pumpkin seeds.
fenasal adult prescribe a dose of 2 g Treatment can be carried out on two schemes:
1) evening, 3 hours after light supper patient receives 0.5 teaspoon of baking soda, which washes down 1/4 cup water.After 10 minutes, he is given Stir the slurry fenasala in half a glass of sweet water;
2) fenasal soda and then, as indicated in Figure 1, the patient takes in the morning on an empty stomach.Laxative in the treatment fenasalom not apply.
The effectiveness of the treatment teniarinhoza fenasalom judged by the lack of selection of segments of tapeworm in the next 3 months.Contraindications to the appointment fenasala not available.Treatment can be performed on an outpatient basis, but only after a thorough patient instruction about how to neutralize the waste and feces during defecation worms.
ether extract fern
1-2 days before treatment is prescribed nutritious, easily digestible, poor fat food.The evening prior to treatment instead of dinner patient drinks a cup of tea or coffee with a biscuit and takes saline laxative.On the morning of the treatment he put an enema.
ether extract fern give on an empty stomach in gelatin capsules or mixed with honey, jam, jam, cream of wheat.All dose (adult 4-5.5 g) the patient takes for 30-40 minutes.After 1.5 hours after administration of the extract of fern given saline laxative, and after 1.5-2 hours after taking a laxative - a light breakfast.If after 3 h after administration of laxative does not follow the chair, give the enema.When you select a helminth without head enema repeated.
Upon receipt of fern extract sometimes vomiting occurs.In such cases, the recommended complete rest, heating pad on the abdomen, benzocaine, swallowing pieces of ice.If reception fern extract is not finished, it resumed after 15-20 minutes.Increasing the dose due to the removal of part of it from vomiting not allowed.In some patients in the treatment of an extract of the fern can occur weakening of cardiovascular activity with fainting.
Contraindications to the appointment of a fern extract: organic diseases of the cardiovascular system, liver, kidney, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, acute gastro-intestinal diseases and fevers, menstrual period, pregnancy, the first 3-4 months of lactation, exhaustion, old age.
Preparing the patient is carried out as well as the treatment of an extract of the fern.Akrikhin give tablets on an empty stomach every 5-10 minutes.Doses adult 0.8-1 g after 30 min - 1 hr after receiving prescribe quinacrine salt laxative.At a delay of a chair or helminth output without the head put an enema.
two days overnight patient takes laxative salt.On the morning of the treatment put an enema.300 g of peeled outer solid shell of seeds ground in a mortar.The patient takes them for 1 hour, washed down with small sips of water.After 3 hours after taking the pumpkin seeds give a saline laxative, and after half an hour put an enema.
contraindications to the appointment of a pumpkin seeds do not.their treatment can be carried out at home.To improve the effectiveness of the treatment it is advisable to combine the reception of pumpkin seed extract fern in reduced doses.
some patients beef tapeworm infection is necessary to resort to surgery for complications: intestinal obstruction, perforation of its wall, clogging tsepnem common bile duct.
necessary to ensure hygienic maintenance of cattle, routine detection and treatment of patients beef tapeworm infection, veterinary and sanitary inspection of meat, thorough heat treatment of meat.Important role played by health education.
helminths released during the treatment, burn, boil for 30 minutes or double pour boiling water in tanks with lids.The stools, ship, restroom toilet seat, which is used by the patient, pour boiling water or disinfected with bleach.Staff dealing with the secretions of the patient must wear gloves, which are then sterilized.