Fluoride : lack and excess of fluoride , fluoride consumption norms
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / May 11, 2016
fluorine (an element of the periodic table, is chemically very active and most nonmetal strong oxidizer) occurs naturally in the body as calcium fluoride.calcium fluoride occurs primarily in bones and teeth.
As the main component of mineral metabolism, fluorine performing in our body a lot of necessary functions:
- gives strength and hardness of bone tissue;
- is involved in proper bone formation
skeleton - affects the status and growth of hair, nails and
teeth - is involved in the process of hematopoiesis
- odderzhivaet immunity
- provides for prevention of osteoporosis and for fractures accelerates healing of
bone - penetrating into the microcracks of enamel preventscaries
- affect the absorption of iron
- promotes excretion of salts of heavy metals and radionuclides.
Small amounts of calcium fluoride help reduce tooth decay.The addition of fluoride in tap water (so-called "water fluoridation") helps reduce oral cavity (holes in teeth) in children less than half...
Fluoride (chemical fl
Natural sources of fluoride
Fluoride is found in most common water supply systems (water itself often does not contain enough fluoride, but it is specially added).
Food cooked on fluoridated water, contains fluoride.Natural sodium fluoride contained in the water of the oceans and seas, so most seafood contains fluoride.Infants get fluoride through breast milk or infant formula.
Natural fluoride sources are:
- black and green tea
- seafood and saltwater fish
- cereals, such as oatmeal, rice, buckwheat, bran, meal,
- green leafy ovoschai
daily requirement fluorine
The day a person needs between 0.5 and 4 mg of fluoride, and the best thing we learn from this element of drinking water, but the body also gets it from food.That is why in many places today, the drinking water was added sodium fluoride - a synthetic substance.So doing, if natural fluoride in the water a little - less than 5 mg / l.
best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins - to adhere to a balanced diet that contains a variety of foods.
Specific recommendations depend on age and sex of the patient.It is necessary to ask a doctor, so he made up the diet for the patient - it is better than if the diet will make the patient himself.
fluoride daily rate for
infants - 0-6 months: 0.01 milligrams per day (mg / day)
- 7-12 months: 0.5 mg / day
To ensure that infants and children consume toomuch fluoride, a doctor must learn about the type of water that can be used to concentrate or dry blends.
fluoride daily norm for children and students
- 1-3 years: 0.7 mg / day
- 4-8 years: 1.0 mg / day
- 9-13 years: 2.0 mg / day
daily fluoride norm for adolescents and adults
- Men aged 14-18 years: 3.0 mg / day
- Men older than 18 years: 4.0 mg / day
- Women over 14 years: 3.0 mg /day.
excess and lack of fluoride in the body
Lack of fluoride can lead to dental caries and increased fragility of nails, bones and teeth, hair loss occurs.
Excess fluoride in the diet is extremely rare.Nevertheless, they should not be abused.Sometimes, babies who get too much fluoride before teeth have erupted, have changes in the enamel covering the teeth.The teeth may appear white lines or streaks, but as a rule, they are not easy to see..
See also: fluorine poisoning
Do not use extra fluoride, without consulting a doctor.You should also avoid the use of fluoride toothpaste for infants aged up to 2 years.As for children over 2 years old, you can give them to use toothpaste with fluoride number no more than a pea.We can not allow fluoride mouthwash children under the age of 6 years.