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Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / May 09, 2016
Sodium is an element in which the body needs to function properly.Salt comprises sodium.
The body uses sodium to control blood pressure and blood volume.Sodium is also required to work properly the muscles and nerves.
Food sources of sodium
Sodium occurs naturally in most foods.The most common form of sodium is sodium chloride or "salt."Milk, beets, celery also contain natural sodium, as well as potable water, although the amount varies in it - depending on the water source.
Sodium is also added to various foods.Some of these additional forms of sodium glutamate, sodium nitrite, sodium saccharin, baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and sodium benzoate.They are found in elements such as soy sauce, onion salt, garlic salt, bouillon cubes, etc.
Processed meat - such as bacon, sausage, ham, and canned soups and vegetables - are examples of foods that contain added sodium in fairly large quantities.Fast foods tend to have very high sodium content.
daily requirement for sodium
Sodium in the diet (so
Healthy adults should limit sodium intake to 2,300 mg per day.Adults with high blood pressure should receive through the food no more than 1,500 mg per day.People with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver and kidney disease, you may need to reduce the amount of sodium in the diet.
particular amount of sodium intake, which is recommended for infants, children and adolescents is unclear.Eating habits and attitudes toward food formed during childhood and is likely to influence eating habits for life.However, a good idea for the health - avoid eating large amounts of salt.
excess and deficiency in sodium
Excess sodium in the diet can lead to:
- high blood pressure in some people;
- a serious oversupply of fluid in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver or kidney disease.