Copper : the lack and the excess copper , copper consumption norms
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / May 08, 2016
Copper (element of the periodic table of chemical elements of Mendeleyev, ductile transition metal golden-pink or pink color in the absence of an oxide film C has long been widely used by man.) - An important trace mineral present in all body tissues.
Copper together with iron in the body increases the number of red blood cells.Copper also helps to maintain healthy blood vessels, nerves, bone and the immune system.
Dietary sources of copper
Oysters and other seafood, whole grains, beans, nuts, potatoes and meat offal (kidneys, liver, spleen) are good sources of copper.Dark types of greens, dried fruits such as prunes and cocoa, black pepper and yeast are also sources of copper in the diet.
Daily demand for copper
best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins - a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods.Specific recommendations depend on age, gender and other factors (such as pregnancy).Women pregnant or producing breast milk (lactating) need more copper in the diet.Bu
daily rate for copper
infants - 0-6 months: 200 micrograms per day (mg / day)
- 7-12 months: 220 mcg / day
copper daily rate for children and students
- 1-3year: 340 mcg / day
- 4-8 years: 440 mcg / day
- 9-13 years: 700 mcg / day
daily rate of copper for adolescents and adults
- Men and women aged 14-18 years:890 mcg / day
- Men and women aged 19 years and older: 900 mcg / day
excess and deficiency of copper in the body
Usually people get enough copper through the foods that they eat.It is a rare disorder of copper metabolism that develops before a person's birth -. Menkes disease (a violation of copper cellular transport, with slowing growth, pathology of the nervous system and the characteristic hair twisting, for which he also called the "disease of curly hair" complex of symptoms caused by mutations inATP7A gene encoding ATPase, which is involved in the absorption of copper from the diet and the transfer of copper ions in the other cells duration of life of children with Menkes disease is quite small frequent cause of death -... pneumonia Some children die suddenly, without severe acute pathology).It occurs more often in male babies.
The absence of copper in the body can lead to anemia (it's clinical and hematological syndrome, a common phenomenon for which - decrease in hemoglobin concentration in the blood, often with a decrease at the same time the number or total volume of red blood cells This concept does not determine a specific disease without going into detail.that is, anemia should be considered as one of the symptoms of different pathologies) and osteoporosis (a chronic, progressive systemic metabolic diseases of the skeleton, the clinical syndrome, which manifests itself in other diseases characterized by decreased bone density, a violation of their microarchitectonics and increased fragility, due to violation of bone metabolismpredominance of catabolic processes of bone formation, decreased bone strength and increased risk of fractures).
copper is toxic in large quantities.A rare hereditary disease - Wilson's disease (Wilson's disease, a disease Westphal-Wilson's, hepatolenticular degeneration hepatolenticular dystrophy - congenital disorder of copper metabolism leads to extreme severe hereditary disease of the internal organs and the central nervous system is diagnosed in 5-10% of patients..cirrhosis of preschool and school age. Dispatched by this disease in an autosomal recessive manner) causes deposits of copper in the liver, brain and other organs.Increased copper in these tissues leads to hepatitis kidney problems, brain damage and other serious health problems.