Potassium : lack and excess potassium , potassium consumption norms
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / May 05, 2016
potassium - a mineral that is essential for the human body so that it can work properly.This type of electrolyte.
Potassium is an important mineral in the human body.The body needs potassium in order to:
- build proteins;
- metabolizing carbohydrates;
- increase muscle mass;
- maintain the normal growth of the body;
- control the heart's electrical activity;
- control the acid-alkaline balance.
Food sources of potassium
Many foods contain potassium.Any meat (any red and chicken) and different types of fish - such as salmon, cod, flounder, sardines - are good sources of potassium.Soy products and veggie burgers are also good sources of potassium.
vegetables, including broccoli, peas, beans, tomatoes, potatoes (especially the peel), sweet potatoes, and squash - in the winter are good sources of potassium.
Fruits that contain significant sources of potassium - a citrus fruit, melons, bananas, kiwi, plums and apricots.Dried apricots (dried apricots or apricots) contains more potassium than fr
milk and yogurt, and nuts - are also excellent sources of potassium.
daily requirement for potassium
doctor or dietitian should tell how much potassium is best for each individual patient.
potassium daily rate for
infants - 0-6 months: 0.4 grams per day (g / day)
- 7-12 months: 0.7 g / day
potassium daily norm for children and students
- 1-3 years: 3 g / day
- 4-8 years: 3.8 g / day
- 9-13 years: 4.5 g / day
- 14-18 years: 4.7 g /day
daily rate of potassium for adolescents and adults
- From 19 years and older: 4.7 g / day
potassium daily rate for pregnant and lactating women
women producing breast milk need a little morehigh potassium intake norm (5.1 g / day).
excess and lack of potassium in the body
excess or lack of potassium in the body can have very serious consequences.
Low levels of potassium in the blood is called the "hypokalemia", which can lead to muscle weakness, abnormal heart rhythms, and a slight increase in blood pressure.Possible risk of hypokalemia, if the person is:
- taking diuretics (diuretics) for the treatment of high blood pressure and heart failure;
- taking too many laxatives;
- have severe or prolonged vomiting and diarrhea;
- have certain disorders of the kidneys or adrenal glands.
excess of potassium in the blood is known as "hyperkalemia."This can lead to dangerous and abnormal heart rhythms.
Some common causes of hyperkalemia include:
- low kidney function;
- heart medications - ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs);
- potassium-sparing diuretics - such as spironolactone or amiloride;
- severe infections.
People who are being treated for hypokalemia, need additional portions of potassium.Your doctor will develop a plan with potassium supplements, based on the specific needs of the patient.
People with kidney disease, especially those living on dialysis, should not eat too many foods rich in potassium.Your doctor or dietitian may recommend a special diet for such people.