Deficiency of iron in the diet
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / May 04, 2016
Iron - a "metal number 1" of importance to human health.The human body needs iron to oxygen-carrying hemoglobin could, proteins and myoglobin.Hemoglobin contained in erythrocytes, myoglobin - human muscles.Iron is also an integral part of many proteins in the body.Therefore it is very important to maintain the required level of this mineral in the body.
best sources of iron - the following:
- dried beans;
- dried fruits;
- birds' eggs (especially egg yolks);
- iron fortified cereals;
- the liver of animals;
- lean red meat (especially beef);
- dark red meat;
- whole grains, including - wheat, millet, oats, brown rice.
- Dried beans and peas;
- edible seeds;
- Brazil nuts;
- ovoschahi, including - cabbage, broccoli, spinach, asparagus;
- dandelion greens;
some iron is also found in lamb, pork and shellfish.
If you mix eating lean meat, fish or poultry with beans or dark gr
Some foods reduce assimilation (absorption) of iron.For example, black tea Pekoe or iron material.
P obochnye effects of iron deficiency
human body stores some iron, and it is able to replace any of his loss, and any deficiency.However, low levels of iron in a long period of time can lead to iron deficiency anemia.
Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia include: lack of energy, shortness of breath, headache, irritability, dizziness, or loss of weight.
What is a hazard (risk factors) of low iron levels:
- menstrual periods in women, especially if they are more severe;
- pregnancy or post-partum women;
- long-distance running;
- any type of bleeding in the intestines (for example, a bleeding ulcer);
- donating blood;
- people with gastro-intestinal diseases, which is hard to absorb nutrients from food.
Infants and young children are at risk of low iron levels of assimilation, if they do not get appropriate food containing iron products.Infants who are moving to solid foods should be eaten iron-rich foods.Babies are born with enough for about six months, the amount of iron in the body.Extra infant iron requirements are met with breast milk.Babies who are not breastfed should be given supplements containing iron or iron-fortified infant formula.
Children between the age of 1 and 4 years of growing rapidly, if the use of iron.They need to be given and iron-fortified foods or supplements with iron.
Note: The milk is a very poor source of iron.Children who drink a lot of milk and do not eat enough other foods may develop "milk anemia."The recommended intake of milk for kids - no more than two or three cups a day.
adolescents due to their rapid growth and inconsistent eating habits most of all - a low level of iron in the body.They just need to eat more iron-containing foods.
excess iron in the body
genetic disease - Hemochromatosis - affects the body's ability to control whether a person uses a lot of iron.This leads to an excess of iron in the body.Treatment consists of the transfer of the patient to diet low in iron, in which you want to include nutritional supplements without iron, as well as phlebotomy (removing a small amount of blood) on a regular basis.
It is unlikely that a person knowingly consumed too much iron.However, in children because of the adoption of too many iron supplements can sometimes develop iron poisoning.The symptoms of this poisoning include:
- weight loss;
- shortness of breath;
- gray skin color.
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recommendations and standards
is recommended that the amount of iron the use according to the age of patients.
iron rate for infants and children
- under 6 months: 0.27 milligrams per day (the all - mg / day..)
- from 7 months to 1 year: 11 mg./ Day.
- from 1 to 3 years: 7 mg./ Day.
- from 4 to 8 years: 10 mg./ Day.
men - from 9 to 13 years: 8 mg./ Day.
- from 14 to 18 years: 11 mg./ Day.
- from 19 years and older: 8 mg./ Day.
iron rate for women
- from 9 to 13 years: 8 mg./ Day.
- from 14 to 18 years: 15 mg./ Day.
- from 19 to 50 years: 18 mg./ Day.
- from 51 years and older: 8 mg./ Day.
pregnant or producing breast milk of women may need different amounts of iron.The patient should consult a doctor, that is the most appropriate for her.