Folic acid : lack and excess of folic acid , folic acid standards
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / August 12, 2017
Alernativnoe name:. Vitamin B9
Folic acid (or vitamin B9 - a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for the growth and development of the immune and circulatory systems of the body Along with folic acid to vitamin are and its derivatives,., including di-, tri-, polyglutamate and other All of them, together with folic acid, are combined into "folacin" folic acid deficiency can cause megaloblastic anemia in adults and in pregnant women increases the risk of neural tube defects.) - a syntheticform, which is added to foods.
Like all water-soluble vitamins, folic acid is dissolved in water, and the remaining part of it leaves the body through urine.This means that the body does not store folic acid for a long time, and the patient needs a continuous supply of vitamin B9 through the foods we eat.
Folic acid helps tissues grow and cells work.Adopting the right amount of folic acid before and during pregnancy helps prevent certain birth defects, including fracture or displacement of the spinal discs.
Folic acid works along with vitamin B12 and C to help the body to destroy the old and to synthesize new proteins.Vitamins help form red blood cells and produce DNA - the building block of the human body, which carries genetic information.
Folic acid can also be used to treat certain problems with the menstrual cycle, and ulcers on the legs.
Dietary sources of folic acid
Folic acid is found in nature in the following products:
- dark green leafy vegetables;
- Dried beans and peas (legumes);
- citrus fruits and juices.
Many products currently fortified with folic acid, including breads, cereals, flour, pasta, rice and other cereals.
daily requirement of folic acid
The best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins - eat a wide variety of products.Most people get enough folic acid in the diet, because it is abundant in food.
How much of each vitamin you need to patient, depending on his age and gender.Also other factors are important - such as pregnancy and disease.
recommend following a diet of folic acid in food products for individuals (daily consumption):
folic acid daily rate for newborns
- 0-6 months: 65 mcg / day
- 7-12 months: 80 mcg / day
folic acid daily norm for children and students
- 1-3 years: 150 mcg / day
- 4-8 years: 200 mcg / day
- 9-13 years: 300 mcg / day
folic acid daily norm foradolescents and adults
- Men aged 14 years and older: 400 mcg / day
- Women aged 14 years and older: 400 mcg / day
- Pregnant women 14-18 years: 600 mcg / day
- Pregnant women 19years of age and older: 500 mcg / day
- Breastfeeding women 19 years and older: 500 mcg / day
excess and lack of folic acid in the body
folic acid deficiency can lead to:
- graying hair;
- ulcers in the mouth;
- a peptic ulcer (stomach ulcer or);
- slow growth;
- swollen tongue (glossitis or).
excess folic acid does not usually cause harm, as regular vitamins are excreted in the urine.
There is strong evidence that folic acid can help reduce the risk of certain birth defects (spinal injury and anencephaly - a fetal malformation of the fetus, which is formed during the early stages of pregnancy, and is usually associated with exposure to various harmful environmental factors, toxins or infection; severemalformation of brain development, which consists in whole or in part the absence of the cerebral hemispheres, cranial vault bones and soft tissues; multifactorial congenital malformation that occurs as a result of violations of the mechanisms of prenatal development of the fetus during the 21-28 days of pregnancy).
woman is pregnant or planning to become pregnant should consume at least 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day in addition to nutrition, especially pregnant women.We encourage such people to ask your doctor to make them a better diet.