Helminthiases / / August 12, 2017
Gnathostomosis (Lat.), Gnathostomiasis (Eng.)
Helminthiases, characterized by the presence of nodes under the skin and linear dermatitis.Gnathostomiasis a person described in Japan, China, Thailand, Indonesia, India.
Pathogens - round worms Gnathostoma spinigerum and Gnathostoma nispidum.
Male 11-25 mm in length, the female - 15-54 mm.The final hosts helminth - cat, tiger, leopard, cougar, dog, whose gnatostoma parasite in the stomach wall, causing the formation of tumor-like growths of tissue.Through a hole in the "tumor" of waste and excreted in the feces gnatostom host eggs.If you get the eggs into the water after 10-20 days of them into larvae that ingest intermediate hosts helminth crustaceans cyclops.In addition to the intermediate, there are reservoir hosts - some fish (snake-headed).Infection of humans and other definitive hosts (cats, etc.) Occurs when swallowed with water infested cyclops and eating raw fish.
gnathostomiasis Worms in humans are localized in the su
Symptoms The most common symptom of the disease - intermittent swelling, rarely linear dermatitis.With the penetration of worms in the stomach wall there are nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain.Described eye damage, separation gnatostom with phlegm, their penetration into the brain, causing the eosinophilic encephalitis.
Diagnosis Diagnosis is based on clinical disease, allergic skin reactions and precipitation reactions with the antigen of the larvae, parasitic in fish.
Do not eat raw fish.Water should drink only boiled or filtered through the canvas.
G. hispidum has a peculiar triple body color: the front of her pink-red back - grayish-brown with yellowish thread-like strips.male length 12-25 mm, females - 25-45 mm.Biology biology is similar to G. spinigerum.At the stage of puberty parasite in the body of pigs, occasionally cattle.Described in humans;It causes linear dermatitis, eye lesions sometimes.