Nicotinic acid : lack and excess of nicotinic acid consumption rates
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: niacin, vitamin B3.
Nicotinic acid, also known as vitamin B3 or niacin, is a kind of vitamins B. Vitamin B3 - is a water soluble vitamin, which means that the body it is not stored.Excessive amounts of the vitamin leave the body through urine.Thus, to maintain adequate levels of this vitamin, it requires a daily intake of food as well as vitamin complexes.
Niacin helps the digestive system, healthy skin growth in the development of the nervous system.It is also important to convert food into energy.
Food sources nicotinic acid
Niacin is in: dairy products, eggs, enriched breads and cereals, fish, lean meat, legumes, nuts, bird.
daily need for nicotinic acid
Over the years, a dose of niacin 1-3 grams per day has been a treatment option with a low level of HDL cholesterol (cholesterol, lipoproteins, or HDL) and high cholesterolLDL (cholesterol, lipoproteins or LDL) and triglycerides.
Specific recommendations depend on age, gender and other factors (s
best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins - balanced diet that contains a variety of foods.
daily rate nicotinic acid Baby
- 0-6 months: 2 milligrams per day (mg / day)
- 7-12 months: 4 mg / day
daily rate nicotinic acid for children and students
- 1-3 years: 6 mg / day
- 4-8 years: 8 mg / day
- 9-13 years: 12 mg / day
daily rate nicotinic acid for adolescents and adults
- Men aged 14 years and older: 16 mg / day
- Women aged 14 years and older: 14 mg / day
excess and lack nicotinic acid body
deficiency of niacin (nicotinic acid) can lead to pellagra (a disease whose symptoms include dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia).
Symptoms of niacin deficiency include:
- digestive problems;
- inflammation of the skin (dermatitis - "contact dermatitis" or drug reaction);
- mental handicap.
Large doses of niacin can cause:
- increase in sugar (glucose) in the blood (hyperglycaemia);
- liver damage (open or closed);
- stomach ulcer (stomach ulcers);
- skin rashes.
Even regular doses of niacin may be associated with a sense of warmth, redness, itching or tingling of the face, neck, arms, or upper chest.This is called "flushing" and the symptoms usually go away after a while receiving niacin regularly.To prevent congestion while taking niacin is not recommended to drink hot drinks or alcohol.New forms of nicotinic acid reduce this side effect.Nicotinamide causes these side effects.