Vitamin B1 ( thiamine ) : lack and excess consumption rates
Vitamins And Dietary Supplements / / April 28, 2016
thiamine Thiamine is one of the B vitamins water soluble vitamins that are part of many chemical reactions in the body.
Thiamine (vitamin B1) helps the body cells convert carbohydrates into energy.The main role of carbohydrates - to provide energy for the body, especially the brain and nervous system.
Thiamine also plays an important role in muscle contraction and nerve impulse.
Food sources vitamin B1 (thiamine )
Thiamine is in the following products:
- enriched whole grains - such as bread, cereals, rice, pasta and flour;
- beef liver and pork;
- milk powder;
- legumes (beans, peas, lentils, etc.);
- nuts and seeds.
in dairy products, fruits and vegetables are not a lot of thiamine, but when they are eaten in large amounts, they become a serious source of it.
daily requirement for vitamin B1 (thiamine)
best way to get the daily requirement of essential vitamins - a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods.
How many units of each vitamin a perso
daily requirement of vitamin B1 Baby
- 0-6 months: 0.3 milligrams per day (mg / day)
- 7-12 months: 0.4 mg / day
daily requirement of vitamin B1 for childrenand schoolchildren
- 1-3 years: 0.5 mg / day
- 4-8 years: 0.6 mg / day
- 9-13 years: 0.9 mg / day
daily requirement of vitamin B1for adolescents and adults
- Men aged 14 years and over: 1.3 mg / day
- Women aged 14 to 18 years: 1.0 mg / day
- Women aged 19 years and older: 1.1 mg / day.
excess and lack of vitamin B1 (thiamine ) in the body
The lack or deficiency of thiamine can cause weakness, fatigue, psychosis, and nerve damage.
Thiamine deficiency is most often seen in people who abuse alcohol (alcoholics).Excess alcohol does thiamine hard digestible for the organism.If people suffering from alcoholism, will not receive the amount of thiamine more than usual to make up the difference, the body does not get enough of this substance.This may lead to a disease called "beriberi" (avitaminosis B1).
In severe deficiency of thiamine can occur brain damage.One type of such damage is called "Korsakoff syndrome".Another - "Wernicke's disease" ( "syndrome of Wernicke-Gaye").One or both of these conditions may be a single person.
no confirmed data about poisoning thiamine.