Outstanding figures of the socialist era of medicine
History Of Medicine / / May 03, 2016
outstanding Soviet therapist Strazhesko born December 30, 1876 in Odessa.In 1899 he graduated from the Medical Faculty of the University of Kiev, and was left at the Department of the private pathology and therapy, led by prof.VP samples.In 1904, under the direction of Pavlov Strazhesko he performed his doctoral thesis on "The physiology of the large intestine."Soon Strazhesko was appointed senior intern Faculty therapeutic clinic of the University of Kiev.In 1919 he was elected professor at the University of Odessa therapeutic clinic.Since 1922 Strazhesko again returned to Kiev.For his outstanding scientific achievements in 1934 he was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences, and in 1943 he became a full member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Strazhesko - one of the most prominent founders of the Soviet Department of Internal Medicine.Especially a lot of them made in the field of the pathology of the cardiovascular system.The world's first hospital Strazhesko with VP Obraztsov identified c
Numerous works Strazhesko deal with the issues of etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of disorders of the cardiovascular system.Among them, it is necessary to specify such works as "Strophanthus a cordial" (1910), "Angina pectoris and cardiac asthma" (1926), "The problem of circulatory decompensation" (1934) and others. The HP All-Union Congress of Physicians jointly with V.X. Vasilenko was proposed a new classification of circulatory failure.
significant scientific accomplishments Strazhesko and in the field of rheumatism clinic.Academic written work: "Protracted septic endocarditis" (1925), "The theory of rheumatism" (1935), "Rheumatism and its relation to streptococcal infections" (1950) and many others.
Large footprint left a remarkable clinician in the field of digestive diseases.A classic is his work "Fundamentals of physical diagnosis of diseases of the abdominal cavity.""Based on the achievements of Russian physiologists and especially Pavlov Strazhesko improved diagnosis and treatment of colitis, ulcers, kidney disease, and gallbladder.
Charting new paths in clinical science, Strazhesko was one of those scientists who will never forget the ties with the great predecessors - the classics of Russian medicine.Watching how sometimes laboratory and instrumental innovations inhibit the activity practitioner at the bedside, Strazhesko pointed to the harmful unilateral hobbies kymograph, electrocardiography and other patients with the latest research methods."Laboratory clinicians, - he wrote - little by little began to move away from the principles of the old clinic Botkin, Zakharyin, Ostroumova etc. -. From clinical observation, comparison of subjective and objective symptoms, clinical analysis and synthesis, so necessary for the understanding of the complex, sometimes justemerging disease states. "
As a direct follower of the founders of Russian therapeutic school, Strazhesko considered it unacceptable that some doctors today ignored the patient, not only those interested in the external and internal circumstances that cause the disease, and have forgotten the art of percussion and auscultation."Reading some of the work of our contemporaries - said Strazhesko - surprising technology research and resent the complete lack of data on cardiac auscultation."
Professor Strazhesko trained numerous cadres of Soviet physicians and was a prominent public figure.
He died in 1952