Outstanding figures of the socialist era of medicine
History Of Medicine / / May 02, 2016
DD Pletnev was born in 1873 in Poltava province in the family servant.After graduating from the Kharkiv gymnasium in 1891 he entered the Medical Faculty of Kharkov University, but transferred to the III year on the same faculty in Moscow and in 1895 graduated from the course with honors.
DD Pletnev has left a bright trace in the history of Russian clinics of the first third of the XX century.
graduate of Moscow University, he was throughout his scientific career the best traditions of Russian medical school.In public speeches and press DD Pletnev has repeatedly recalled with deep gratitude for their great teachers, and above all about AA Ostroumova.
working in the clinic prof.LE Golubinina, Pletnev has gained considerable scientific and pedagogical experience.Later, he repeatedly traveled abroad, where he got acquainted with the clinics of Western Europe.
His task as a clinician DD Pletnev understood as follows: "Our research methods are: careful observation at the bedside of patients with involve
Among the numerous scientific papers, DD Pletnev works occupy a special place in cardiology.In 1904 he defended his doctoral thesis on "Experimental study on the origin of the arrhythmia."
Many worked DD Pletnev in the physiology and pathology of the circulatory system.Domestic and global clinical enriched his research in the field of diagnosis and treatment of myocardial infarction.
At the VIII All-Union Congress of Physicians in 1925, Pletnev made a presentation on the topic "On the differential diagnosis of venous thrombosis of the heart arteries."
DD Pletnev was a representative of the functional areas.In 1918 he wrote: "The concept of heart failure is, first of all, the concept of functional ... in him, as the term include: heart, blood vessels with their complex nervous and endocrine regulation, respiration, as a complex act friendly lung function, muscle, osteochondral machine chest and abdomen. "
Pletnev concepts of pathological process did not fit into the usual for that time many doctors morphological frame.Following the classics of Russian medicine DD Pletnev said that "only make sick body, not the person can not be."The body - not the sum of the arithmetic cells as a complex whole, which impaired the function of an organ is always reflected in the body.
DD Pletnev understood that "the concept of a disease includes both occurring depending on external causes of changes in the regulatory producing devices, and derived from this anatomical and dynamic changes in the body."
Based on extensive knowledge of natural science, DD Pletnev developed questions vistseronevrozov, visceral syphilis, diseases of the liver and other. At the same time, he understood the important role of the nervous system, while paying attention to the study of biochemistry tissue.
great practical and theoretical value of his work was "Typhus" (1921).Together with other authors DD Pletnev was written guidance on internal diseases, for years served as a manual for physicians and students.In addition, DD Pletnev a long time was the editor of the journal "Clinical Medicine".
lot of time and effort to Pletnev and educational activities.In 1911 he was elected Professor of Higher Courses for Women in Moscow.From 1917 to 1924 he headed the faculty clinic of the Medical Faculty of Moscow State University, and a 1924-Hospital.In 1921 Pletnev was one of the founders of the Institute for Postgraduate Medical and directed therapeutic clinic of the Institute, and from 1932 served as director of the Institute of Functional Diagnostics.
origins of scientific views DD Pletnev associated with the works of the classics of Russian science and, above all Sechenov.Pletnev wrote that "the point of view of new Sechenov as ... at the heart of scientific thinking and the thinking of the clinician physiologist put not so much anatomical as functional factors."This Pletnev recalled Sechenov's words that "the nervous system can not work otherwise than by external forces."
Thus, Pletnev before others came to the need to follow developments in the clinic psychologists.For Pletnev even then, in the 20s, it was clear advantage of Russian physiology, in particular physiological work of Pavlov's physiology to overseas."Simple View Sherrington, - said Pletnev - a reciprocal innervation and induction turns Pavlov's work on the basis of his entire school in a large slender doctrine of cortical mosaic."..
In 1934, that is, again, well before the session of Pavlovian, Pletnev wrote Pavlov, "All these work well and the work associated with them, many talented Russian physiologists waiting for his transfer to the hospital."DD Pletnev established the doctrine of antropopatologii, t. E. About the science that studies the healthy and the sick person in view of its external and internal factors.He believed that the next issue of the clinic is to understand "how the bark can subdue the autonomic nervous system."
can not be speaking about Pletnev, and do not specify another one important circumstance.Like other prominent doctors DD Pletnev knew the history of science, and this was another benefit of a prominent clinician.Especially much he appreciated the works of the classics of Russian medicine Botkin, GA and AA Zakharyin Ostroumova.