Diarrhea (diarrhea ) in infants
Children And Health / / August 12, 2017
Diarrhea - a pathological condition in which the patient is speeded up defecation, and his chair while becoming watery.According to the latest scientific data, changes in the body caused by diarrhea can be dangerous to human life.Diarrhea as a symptom itself is not dangerous, but its destructive consequences - dehydration and loss of micronutrients.Chronic diarrhea often causes a deficiency of minerals and vitamin deficiency that can lead to other disease - such as anemia.Also, diarrhea is often a symptom of serious diseases - such as chronic hepatitis, pancreatitis, infectious intestinal diseases, diseases of the gallbladder, etc.
Diarrhea has many causes, including:
- eating too much fruit or fruit juice;
- sensitivity to food;
Diarrhea in children and babies, usually with very loose stool
.All that the child eats or drinks, can result in diarrhea.Changing the diet may relieve some types of diarrhea.
In most cases, it is necessary to continue to feed th
For babies always need to continue breast-feeding or breast-prepared mixture which is to some extent reminiscent of breast mother's milk.However, there are significant differences in health status between feeding from a bottle and breastfeeding infants.Breast milk - a living material, containing live white blood cells and immune substances and the dynamic, nutrient source, which has the potential to meet the every day individual needs of the growing child.
Many children develop mild and temporary lactose intolerance - a "milk sugar" - carbohydrate group disaccharide found in milk and dairy products.Continued consumption of dairy products can prolong the diarrhea, but may also allow more rapid return to normal diet.Children who eat solid foods may continue to do so as long as they have enough food for a long time is maintained in the gut (children with normal stool).
Increased appetite often occurs immediately after an illness.Children should have the opportunity and time to return to normal eating habits.No specific diet is not recommended for the treatment of diarrhea, but children usually take soft foods are better than solid.Products such as starches (potatoes), fresh fruits and vegetables sometimes help in the appearance of the child more solid stool.And fruit juices can loosen stool (to make it more liquid).
For some children return to their regular diet can also mean - the return of diarrhea.This usually occurs due to some difficulties for the intestine to absorb normal diet.This type of diarrhea usually does not last long and is different from the diarrhea that came during the actual illness.This condition does not require treatment, while no other symptoms.
Diarrhea caused by antibiotics may be reduced if you give your child yogurt with live active bacteria.If diarrhea persists, consult your doctor to see whether you need to continue to take antibiotics or have to stop them.It is strongly recommended not to stop antibiotic treatment without examining the child's doctor and without consulting a doctor.
Liquids are very important because dehydration can occur in a child with diarrhea.Dehydration is a serious disease in infants and young children.Loss of body fluids have to be filled by others.This rehydration (re-saturation of the water the dehydrated substance or organism) via drinking water is essential for all children, except those who have urinary incontinence.
For most fluid of children, they usually drink, should be sufficient.Too much water at any age may be harmful, because the water is not essential electrolytes and sugars - such as sodium.
Rehydration includes regidralit and rehydrated solutions.Other tools - such as pedialyte and Infalit - can help keep the body of the child in the right balance of fluids and prevent dehydration.Some of these agents are available in stores or-counter.However, you must consult a doctor before using them for children.
child should receive the liquid slowly to avoid overfilling the stomach.This is especially important if the stomach is already irritated infections.For most children only need to drink more fluids, but sometimes you need an infusion of fluids through a vein.
When diarrhea blood or mucus in the stool may show.Typically, such a diarrhea develops within one week and may be associated with bacteria or parasites, which requires a mandatory inspection of the physician and the appropriate treatment.
Sometimes the diarrhea is accompanied by several episodes of vomiting, increased body temperature, or spasmodic pain (this pain that occur suddenly and often just as suddenly stopped) in the abdomen.
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If severe diarrhea lasts for more than 2-3 days, the child loses weight and show signs of dehydration.
Signs of dehydration Child:
- dry, sticky mouth;
- absence of urine (not urinating) for 6 hours;
- lack of tears when crying;
- set eyes.
doctor may prescribe medication to control the child's diarrhea.It is necessary to consult a doctor before using the medication without a prescription for the treatment of diarrhea in a child, as the drug may be ineffective or potentially dangerous to his health.