Terapeitiskā vingrinājums un masāža skolioze un plakanās pēdas skolēniem
Children And Health / / May 03, 2016
Among the various strains of schoolchildren uncommon curvature of the spine and flat feet.They are often a manifestation of the general dysplastic processes in the body.
Therapeutic exercise and massage for scoliosis
lateral curvature of the spine with the rotation of the vertebrae is called scoliosis.There are three degrees of it.
I degree often detected by clinical examination.Patients are observed smoothness triangle waist asymmetry of the relief of the lumbar and slight protrusion in the chest.
II degree is characterized by more severe clinical and radiological changes.
When III degree scoliosis observed pronounced deformation of the presence of the rib hump.The disease is often progressive nature.Particular attention is paid to students with scoliosis I-II degree, since in this period more easily possible to achieve favorable results.When scoliosis III degree tend to stabilize the spine condition.In some instances, when the deformation it rapidly progresses, the operation is performed.
Conservative treatment of scoliosis include exercise therapy, massage, treatment status, elements of sports and orthopedic measures (wearing a corset, discharge mode).Fixed assets physical therapy aimed at stabilization of the spine by strengthening the abdominal muscles (oblique, straight), the back (long, square), lumbar-iliac muscles.In the course of employment should not seek to increase the mobility of the spine.It is necessary to limit the scope of the body movements.Muscles tense up better in isometric mode, burdening dumbbells and weighted leg cuffs.Deformity correction is achieved by changing the position of the shoulder, pelvis and the body of the patient.For example, you can use the asymmetric stretching hands to the concave side of the curvature of the thoracic.Correction is achieved by turning the torsion of the pelvis or torso.To improve posture resorted to sequence exercises (construction, turning, walking), balance exercises and balancing exercises with gymnastic stick in front of the mirror.Also of special exercises, a lot of attention paid to the restorative effects on the body.
When physical therapy sessions the majority of exercises are performed in the position of the spine unloading (starting position and lying on all fours).Exercises performed at a slow pace, with effort, rote.The total duration of employment 30-40 minutes.
With non-progressive forms of scoliosis to better physical development of children recommended exercises certain sports (swimming, skiing), used elements of sports games (volleyball, basketball).Treatment is carried out for a long time, systematically, throughout the child's growth period.
good preparatory procedure in physical therapy is a massage that increases the blood flow to the working muscles.Massage is particularly effective for progressive forms of scoliosis.Apply all the techniques of classical massage.More intensively massaged muscles on the convex side.On the concave side directed towards the massage techniques muscle relaxation.It is advisable to teach parents techniques back massage and training high school students self-massage techniques using massagers.Secured action of physiotherapy and massage using the position correction.Child is laid on a roller or a special hammock according to the curvature of the spine at it, or else made stacking with an asymmetrical position of the hands and feet for up to 30 minutes and again throughout the day.
- Ckolioz: causes, symptoms, treatment
- Therapeutic exercises for scoliosis
- Baby Massage: a massage newborn
- Orthopedic corsets and posture correctors
- Therapeutic exercise and hardening of children
exercise therapy and massage with flat feet
if you have flat feet, which is expressed in the flattening of the longitudinal arch of the foot and the deviation of the heel bone to the outside, apply tools that strengthen ligament-muscular system of feet and legs (varioustypes of exercise and massage).They are also used special shoes and insoles.Children are encouraged to reduce the load on the foot mode.
The purpose of physical therapy - correction of the arch and the elimination of installation valgus calcaneus.There are special exercises sitting, standing, in the process of walking.Use the inward bending of fingers stop walking to stop the outer edge at the tapered surface, as well as rotated into socks.It is recommended to exercise under natural conditions (walking in the sand, on the mown grass on the gravel, on a log).
Exercises combined with massage the lower leg (inner surface) of the foot (plantar surface).Apply techniques kneading and rubbing.Older children are taught self-massage of legs and feet.Not recommended for long static load, standing, walking long distances carrying heavy loads.Shoes should be sound with a slight heel and sufficiently flexible sole.For self-massage is possible to use special samomassazherov.
Complex treatment with the active use of exercise can prevent the progression of these diseases.