The most prominent representatives of Russian therapeutic school
History Of Medicine / / August 12, 2017
Clinical System IE Dyadkovo was an event of great importance.Glebov wrote that the doctrine "should be attributed to the number of such events in historical science, which involuntarily excite surprise."The well-known historian of medicine LF Serpents, appreciating achievements Dyadkovo, called it "a powerful talent of Russian medicine."And indeed, we can not agree with the high ratings of the leader of Russian science, a patriot and a democrat, a man for 'expression of T. Kudryavtseva, "more than any other scientist in his time."Coming from the common people, it is the power of extraordinary talent and indomitable will, he was able to break into the years of Nicholas's reaction to the heights of science.
can not, however, forget that Dyadkovsky would not have reached such exceptional success, if in the second half of the XVIII century student Lomonosov SG Zybelin not laid a solid foundation of scientific medicine and the clinic did not formulate priorities.Of great importance for the creative growth
materialistic views Dyadkovo developed and strengthened to combat conservative, idealistic physicians teachings of the West.Dyadkovo main achievement was that at the beginning of the XIX century, he explained materialistically painful phenomena.He understood the importance of what has not yet studied the external influences of the cosmic order, and the entire amount of features of a patient's life, which is related to his life, profession, behavior, diet and so forth.
Dyadkovsky repeatedly drawn taking pictures that without precise knowledge of the chemical compositionliving matter it is difficult to understand the changes that occur in a sick body, and even more difficult to treat them.In view of this new addition to the time point of view of the body as an integral part of the world there was need for a fundamental examination of the patient system adjustment and open up more opportunities for in-depth study of etiological factors.
Another major merit IE Dyadkovo was that he fought for the expulsion of every kind of metaphysics of medicine and argued that all vague in the science of man exists only because of the imperfection of our knowledge.He rejected the notion of "vital force" and the desire of some scientists to adopt science idealistic position «Omne vivum e vivo», formulated in the XVI century and is known as the principle of Redi.
was very important division of IE Dyadkovsky diseases and symptoms on the dynamic and material.This division, he knocked the ground from under the feet of doctors metaphysicians who tried referring to the disease, for which there was no obvious physical changes in the body, build fantastic, far from any kind was science, a hypothesis.
for 20 years in student classrooms Dyadkovsky argued the need to study the natural sciences and harmful, unnecessary distraction philosophy.He reminded that without the study of nature there can be no success either in technology or in agriculture, much less in medicine."What caused no evil to mankind, - he exclaimed, - the vanity of man and dreamy contemplation, which is commonly referred to as a philosophical".
Third Dyadkovo main merit was that he studied the sick and the healthy organism, based on the fact that the prevailing values of the nervous system.
As a therapist Dyadkovsky all their treatments applied, based on the possibility to influence the sick body primarily through the nerve pathways.
important to note that on the mental illness he was looking through the eyes of the materialist and pointed out that only the imperfection of science and research methods do not allow to find material changes in brain structure.
IE Dyadkovsky was never armchair scientist.Social activists and Democrat, he was always among the first to go there, where needed his help
.In 1812 he voluntarily went to the militia treated the wounded in the battle of Borodino;in 1813 he was struggling with an epidemic of typhus in Vereya.In 1830, together with M. Ya Mudrov Dyadkovsky led the fight against cholera.Beloved youth, he taught her how to fight for the distinctive advanced scientific thought.Almost 20 years Dyadkovsky headed the department of general pathology and therapy in the Moscow Medical-Surgical Academy and a few years in the same department at Moscow State University.In 1836, for materialism and atheism Dyadkovsky was removed from the professorship.
Fame IE Dyadkovo as a physician-philosopher and public figure has been great.Most people in the country recognized his scientific achievements.Gogol, Stankevich, Chaadaev, Varlamov, Mochalov, Belinsky, Herzen, Passek, Lermontov, and many others in one way or another been associated with IE Dyadkovsky.
As a result of I. E Dyadkovo Russian medical thought had the opportunity to more successfully continue the development of a truly scientific materialistic medicine.Dyadkovsky close our era not only for its subjects, the general direction of his scientific and philosophical work.He is close to us, especially those that fought with the conservative concepts in science.
known more critical Dyadkovo gift.But this criticism he used primarily to himself.The study of creativity I. Y. Dyadkovo is no doubt that he was the center, which intersected advanced achievements of Russian medicine and biology, the first half of the XIX century materialistic science and philosophical currents of the era.