Therapeutic exercise and hardening of children
Children And Health / / April 29, 2016
Parents often believe that sport and tempering fully available only for perfectly healthy, strong children.A child weakened, the patient should first be carefully guarded.Especially if it is small.And the kid, unfortunately his endured more colds, doomed to boring pastime, far from the noisy frolicking peers, under the watchful eye of their parents or grandparents.But if only limited to all boredom ... Without exercise the child lags behind in development.When you start to talk to such vigilant parents, once it becomes clear that they are in principle not against the physical training and hardening, they realize that all this is necessary and useful, but ... "our impossible.It is worth it just a little run - sweat and sick. "
And here will object - in fact they are right.Relaxed, pampered but in addition and not the weather dressed child does get sick, if the oncoming.And then you will say reproachfully: "You see, we're talking about.He is so weak ... "And closed kind of vicious circle: the more the
It often happens that the view of parents to raise and does not change when a child grows up and becomes a schoolboy.They are precipitated by teachers and school doctors, demanding the release of a son or daughter from physical education lessons, competitions, hiking trails.Often they bring the certificate of illness.According to parents, this is - a good reason for a complete exemption from physical education.Such a common misconception based on misconceptions.Parents do not understand or do not want to understand that the movement - an indispensable condition for the normal formation and development of the growing organism, a powerful biological stimulant action is not a substitute for any one drug.Even in the treatment of serious diseases in the hospital trying to introduce elements of physical therapy regimen.It is widely used in offices recovering from severe injuries and operations.
disease disrupts the normal functioning of the organism, greatly weakens its defenses, inhibits the metabolism.All tactics aimed at physicians to help the body cope with the child's cause that caused the disease, rather to eliminate the consequences of the disease.In this sense, physical culture - the most important element of treatment.Now there is no doubt that the absence of involuntary movements or limited mobility, which always accompanies the disease, determine its severity in many ways.The patient's condition is further complicated if the body has been weakened by the disease and to hothouse upbringing, a sedentary lifestyle.
clear that obereganie impaired child - no protection against the disease, and her indulgence.It is the physical education of children requires constant attention and adult supervision.It is constructed on the same basis as that of other children, that is, includes the entire range of health and hygienic measures, tempering procedures, exercises.The difference lies in the fact that, for children with disabilities in health must be observed more strictly in the gradual implementation of new forms of health training and physical training, continuity of employment, an individual approach to the choice of methods of physical education, which is dictated by the nature of the disturbances in the body caused by disease.
Healthy children are engaged in circles, sports clubs, participate in competitions.For impaired child these features are normally closed - and the more important the role of home exercises.It should be noted, and one more thing.Children, especially small, do not perceive their disease so acutely, as adults, they can not even imagine it clear the possible consequences.But excessive guardianship of parents who constantly restrict their mobility, are forbidden to play with their peers, the child can touch up on the idea that he "did not like the others", he set up a kind of feeling of inferiority.And this can not but have a negative effect on the formation of the whole personality of the little man.By limiting the mobility of the child, parents often deprive him of the joy of communicating with their peers, the joy of knowledge of the world through action, game, personal experience.A child deprived of many positive emotions, rarely experiencing feelings of joy, fun, fun.And they are so essential on the path to health!
are diverse methods of influence on the body of children with disabilities in health.These methods can be divided into three groups:
1. Preventive measures of physical education, to strengthen the body, increasing its resistance.Thanks to them, prevented the onset of new diseases or exacerbation of existing.
2. Special exercise and hardening measures that are an integral part of the treatment, and sometimes the only therapeutic measures.
3. Therapeutic exercises, consisting of sets of exercises, aimed at eliminating the disease resulting from disturbances in the body's activities.These studies should be closely related to the child's regime, held on the doctor's recommendations or Methodist physiotherapy under his strict control.Irregular, non-daily routine of physiotherapy elements lose their sense of wellness.
Where and how to work with children?Preventive measures hardening and exercise should be carried out at home.It - air and water treatments, massage and gymnastics for children of the first year of life, outdoor games and exercise motor skills for preschool, morning hygienic gymnastics, elements of sports games for students.
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must be stressed that therapeutic exercise for a sick child is not limited to a set of special exercises and massage, even a very well-chosen and regularly performed.It includes the organization of a regime under which the child eats well, works, perhaps more moves to play, feasible engaged in physical labor.It is important to strictly carry out hardening, in some cases, physical education is the only measure of the treatment and on how correctly and carefully carried it depends on the child's recovery.
Let us look at some health problems that require mainly physical therapy measures.In infancy in such violations are muscular torticollis, umbilical hernia, underweight - malnutrition, weakness, musculoskeletal system and the related backlog motor development, rickets, the consequences of an ordinary injury, prematurity.At older ages - a violation of posture, curvature of the spine, flat feet, congenital clubfoot, chronic respiratory diseases, susceptibility to frequent colds.
few words about schoolchildren are obese.Unfortunately, as evidenced by the observation of doctors, in recent years the number of overweight children has increased and ranges from 4 to 10 percent of all students.The causes of obesity are complex.In some cases, it is associated with genetic predisposition, wrong mode of supply, over-eating;in others - to the activity of systems that regulate metabolism, - the nervous and endocrine!The main treatment for obesity is the rational nutrition, diet, appointed in accordance with the form and degree of obesity.But no one diet does not give a positive result, unless it is combined with measures of physical education and physical therapy.After all, it is important not only to reduce the weight of the child, but to convert the metabolic processes of the body, to no longer happening excess fat deposits.
measures of physical education and physiotherapy exercises are needed for such severe and prolonged illnesses like rheumatism (in between bouts), bronchial asthma, chronic pneumonia, residual effects of polio, paresis, paralysis.In all these diseases, along with local and disorders marked abnormalities in the nervous system.Under the influence of the systematic action of hardening and physical therapy activity of the central nervous system becomes more ordered.In addition, it increases the overall resistance of the body, improves health and mood of the child.
In recent years, also obtained strong evidence that children with allergies systematic measures of physical education reduces allergic "readiness" of the body.This is extremely important, because to remove the allergic condition usually possible only with the help of potent drugs that are far from harmless to the growing organism;with frequent use of their addictive comes to them, and then the doctors have to either increase the dose or choose new drugs with more potent.Allergic diseases in children are quite common and have become a serious problem for pediatricians.Of course, we do not undertake to assert that the only measures of physical training can eliminate the allergic disease.Nevertheless, you should pay attention to them, because parents often put their trust in the treatment of children only medicines.
Application hardening measures and physical education of patients and handicapped children has its contraindications.Do not hold classes with the child, which significantly increased the temperature in the acute phase of the disease, in all cases where doctors prescribed strict bed protective regime.It is necessary to stop training of medical physical culture in purulent diseases, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.Medical-sports activities are suspended if there are signs of overtraining or fatigue of the child.Contraindications to massage are festering or allergic skin lesions.
In conclusion, once again we recommend: consult a doctor and a physical education teacher and start to manage man-made miracle - to make health and performance of their weak and sickly child.