History of medicine
History Of Medicine / / August 12, 2017
Apothecary order established when Alexis, was of great importance as the main administrative medical authority.Having existed for nearly a century, in 1707 it was converted into a Medical Office, run by chief physician - arhiyater.In 1714 the Office was transferred from Moscow to St. Petersburg.In an effort to provide physicians primarily military units, Peter since 1706 signed a decree on the construction of a military hospital in Moscow.Opening his place for the following year.At the same time when the hospital was founded and the first hospital school for the training of doctors.After a few years, such as hospitals and schools when they were opened in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt.pupils of the school were recruited from graduates of seminaries.The course was a five-year, but the first edition of the Moscow School was held only in 1713
main subjects in hospital schools are anatomy, physiology, Latin, the practice of medicine.Students attended the autopsy.In the early years of school acutely felt t
In 1763 Medical Office was transformed into a medical college.College consisted of two departments: the first was in charge of the scientific part, and the second - supply.College is in St. Petersburg, and special medical office was established in Moscow.From 1786 on the orders of college hospital school was separated from the hospitals, and transformed into medico-surgical school.Reorganization has affected that in the core disciplines - medicine, surgery and obstetrics - have been greatly expanded training programs.In 1787, in the south of Russia, in Elisavetgrad, it opened another medical-surgical school, where doctors prepared for the southern army.For some time it was run by Alexander Suvorov.Soon medico-surgical school was opened in Simferopol (1794).
Activities Medical board especially revived by the end of the century under the President of the Medical College of Baron AI Cherkasov.Not being a doctor, he was interested in medicine, and in every way contributed to its development.AI Cherkasov wrote "proper medical management unit plan."Of the members of the board should be allocated as the most prominent figures of its IK Kamenetz and SS St. Andrew's.The first of these doctors in the 90 years was sent to fight the scourge of the Crimea.He has written a guide for the treatment of internal diseases with simple means.In this book, reprinted many times, the practice of medicine was studied in seminaries.In addition, IK Kamianiec participated in the commission for finding domestic sources of medicinal raw materials.Doctor S. Andrew's (1760-1818), a graduate of the Kronstadt Military Hospital and School, wrote, "The mark of the first quarantine statute" (1796) and "Instruction for medical councils" (1797).
At the end of the XVIII century Moscow and St. Petersburg Medical-Surgical School was transformed into the Medical-Surgical Academy.
Hospital School in the future of medical and surgical school, during the XVIII century were the main teaching institutions, where staff were preparing Russian doctors.Despite the financial difficulties, and most importantly, the dominance of foreigners in the governing and teaching staff, the school gave the country not only good practitioners but also prominent figures in science.This is due to the fact that the teaching in them was not only theoretical, and took place in the hospital wards at the bedside of patients.Not to mention the fact that the hospital had a school and cultural significance.
In the case of medical training especially necessary to dwell on the role of Moscow University, which was the cradle of MV Lomonosov.He wrote the first - the organization of the University project, they made up the first plan of studies at the Medical Faculty.From the walls of the Medical Faculty in this period reached prominent therapists, laid the foundation for a new teaching about the disease.With the opening of the Moscow University in 1755, Russia received high school, not only capable of preparing cadres practitioners, but also scientists, teachers, professors.At the end of the century the University was right to defend his doctoral dissertation.
In 1797, the medical board had been established.In each province in accordance with the "Regulation on the council" had to be city and county doctors.Despite a significant increase in the number of doctors by the end of the XVIII century, medical care in Russia was still far from being sufficient.