Swimming lessons children
Children And Health / / April 28, 2016
Teach children to swim can be a parent or other adult who can swim family summer on the river, the lake, the sea.
can start swimming with the establishment of warm, windless weather when the air temperature plus 24-25 degrees Celsius and the water temperature is 22-23 degrees plus.
first child stay in the water must be very short (2-3 minutes), and only gradually it can bring up to 15 minutes.In particularly hot days swim and child can twice a day in the first and in the second half.But only with the full adaptation can be increased swimming time up to 40-50 minutes during the day.
for teaching children to swim in open water to choose sheltered from the wind, shallow place with a tight, clean, flat bottom, clear water and a mild current.
No matter how well feel the baby in the water at the first sign of hypothermia (shivering, blue and "goose skin"), it must quickly bring to the beach, rub with a dry towel to lightly porozoveiiya skin, allow it to warm up: run, do moreexercise and be sure to change
Still need to see to it that before bathing the child in any case does not overheat.In direct sunlight it can be no more than 3-5 minutes,
There is a proven long-term practice consistency in teaching children to swim.
first sessions are short and scanty similar to the game: child and adult jumping, squirting in shallow water, moving water to the whole body feel its elastic resistance.
Many children get used to the water prevents an unpleasant sensation that occurs when water gets in your eyes.Therefore it is necessary to teach the child pogruzhatsya.v selfs, with open eyes, holding his breath after a deep breath.A breath can be done in the water.Show your child what fun bubbles rise with the succession on its surface.Then deal with it at the bottom of the recessed finding you in advance various colorful objects and toys.There is already a child necessarily will have to act with his eyes open.
Finally, you will overcome the fear of another, very characteristic of the majority of young children - fear of drowning.For this purpose it is necessary to give the child the opportunity to feel supportive and even the buoyancy of water.For example, he is offered, standing waist-deep in the water, take a breath, sit down and hugging her knees, pressed them to his chest.Water immediately eject it to the surface.Teach the child to float in this position as long as possible, gradually exhaling air into the water.Then the disciples lie on the surface of the water on his back, straight and not moving - in this position too easy to feel that the water "holds".
After the baby get used to the water, you can go to learn slip on its surface.To do this, he needs to sit down, vigorously push from the bottom of his feet, and as far as possible to slide on the water.When sliding on his belly body should be straight, arms stretched forward, his face lowered into the water.The movement is carried out first with a single breath to breath, and then - as you exhale into the water;this exercise can only be along the shore or m his side.
When a child learns to glide over the water's surface, you can start learning the footwork.At first they carry out on the beach, sitting on a small hill or lying on his stomach.Then place in a shallow water.Drawing hands on the bottom, the baby moves his feet alternately up and down as if swimming the crawl.
Simple hand movements are as follows: a child pulls the arms alternately forward and making strokes towards the thighs.At that time, when one performs grebkovyh hand movement, and the other is pulled forward.Like kicking motion exercises for the hands must first rehearse on land: to put his feet shoulder-width apart, bend forward;one arm stretched forward and the other - laid back, like when swimming the crawl.
children then learn to combine the movement of the feet, sliding on his chest and back with supporting articles in the hands of: board, rubber circle, inflatable toys, and then without them.Breathing is arbitrary, uniform.It is especially important to teach children to do the exhale into the water, and turn and raise his head slightly when breathing, so that the water does not leak into your mouth.For preschool children this exercise is quite difficult, so the combination of rhythmic inhalation and exhalation with the movements of the legs should be given great attention.
When learning to swim do not forget about the games.They should accompany all stages of education.First, they favor the development of children in the water, getting used to it, overcoming fear.In the future, they are the consolidation and improvement of the individual movements.
That's about the content of classes for the initial training period, when it is important to arouse children's interest in swimming and introduce them to some of the properties of water.
On land: walking, jogging in place, running (1-2 minutes);rising on your toes, raise your hands up (5-6);standing, hands on his belt, lean forward (4-6 times);rotate the arms straight back and forth, first together and then alternately (6-8 times with each hand).
In water: enter the waist, walking holding an adult's hand, do grebkovyh hand movements in the water;standing at the bottom, slightly leaning forward, clapping his hands in the water, splashing fountains raising;typing in the palm of the water, splash his face;crouching, dive to the chin to the nose.Bathing with inflatable toys.
Golfing like children;they are happy to splash, splatters, sometimes too agitated, too noisy, inattentive listening to explanations and comments of adults.It is therefore important not only to learn to swim, but also to teach them the rules of safe behavior on the water.In any case, children do not need to go into the water without a permit adults to push each other, grabbing hands and feet, without permission to swim away and dive into the water especially in unfamiliar places.
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necessary to monitor the state of health of children after school.If the child is disturbed sleep, appetite, should consult a doctor.The reason for such a state can be a difficult adaptation of the child to such activities.Probably, they have to stop temporarily, and then restart again gently and gradually increasing the residence time in the water.
With regular classroom preschool children freely available master them the basics of navigation technology, become more agile, daring, hardened.In addition, they brought valuable traits such as self-discipline, self-reliance, perseverance.Acquired as a child swimming skills are preserved for life.