CPR and first aid to children with fractures and wounds
Children And Health / / April 27, 2016
child received a fracture. fractures are open and closed, uncomplicated and complicated suppuration and damage to soft tissue, blood vessels, nerves.General rule: try to not turn a closed fracture into an open and uncomplicated to complicated.First aid for any turn is imposing transport tires and anesthesia, with an open fracture - in the imposition of aseptic dressings.The basic principle upon application of the tire - fixing the joints above and below the fracture site.To immobilize injured limbs suit any improvised means, such as conventional wooden slats.Before applying a bus wrapped with cotton or cloth and strengthen on a limb, as shown in the figure.Victims with spinal cord injuries are transported on a solid surface in the prone position, damaged pelvic bones - on the back.
child was wounded. We must remember that any injury risk of bleeding, which can lead to significant blood loss;pain, which can cause a shock;infection, which can lead to suppuration, and sometimes tetanus.Bites of snak
elastic harness - this rubber tube length 1.5 m, ending on one side chain, and on the other - the hook.The skin under the tourniquet protect padded.You can apply a tourniquet on clothing, pre-straightened the folds.Wiring is fed under the limb, stretched, wrapped around it and tightened to stop bleeding from wounds.After the first main harness following turnover with less tension is applied adjacent to each other.Hook button up the chain on top of superimposed turns harness.In the upper third of the shoulder harness is applied in the form of eight: two cover three rounds of the harness, and then the ends are back and front of the chest and secured to the opposite forearm.In the upper third of the thigh tourniquet is applied in the form of eight, covering the pelvis and abdomen.tow ends secured over the wing of the ilium.
similar manner impose a makeshift tourniquet from scarves, scarf, belt.Material fold wide tape and wrapped around the limb ends of the tie a double knot, it is inserted into the wand and turn it, tighten the harness.Do not use wire rope and to home-made harness.
harness need to relax every hour (winter - every half hour) for a few minutes and then re-tighten.In a moment of relaxation with your finger pressed against the trunk vessel above the wound.
When bleeding from the soft tissues of the skull, the front of the leg, knee, elbow joints apply a pressure bandage: the wound impose individual package, sterile gauze, which is then pribintovyvayut.To stop bleeding from smaller vessels can be applied cold.
Before imposing vessel finger pinch the harness.This is a reliable overlap lumen of the artery, but it is very tedious to provide assistance.Receptacle pressed in those places where an artery is located, and a surfactant can easily be squashed by.Finally, to provide first aid often have to bandage, to make dressing.There is a whole doctrine of bandages, called desmurgy.The full study of its medical staff, but some types of dressings and methods bintovyh must master each of us.
Chepets. piece of bandage is applied to the area of the crown, and the ends dipped in front of the ears.After the first turn to bring the bandage straps, wrapped around her and lead obliquely, covering the head and the parietal region, on the opposite side of the head bandage is again thrown through the eyeballs and are obliquely, covering the forehead and the parietal region.Throwing each time through the vertical bandage tape, gradually closing the entire vault of the skull.Ends bandage binding vertical ends and attaching them to one of the bands.
bandage over one eye. Fix bandage circular course, in the back is lowered down onto the back of the head, are under the ear with a sore hand obliquely upward through the cheek, closing the patient eye.Alternating straight and oblique rotations, cover the entire eye area.When dressing the right eye are from left to right, while ligation of the left - right to left.
spiral bandage on a finger. circular strokes bandage fastened around the wrist, carried obliquely through the back of the hand to the end of the finger, and then spiral repeats the entire buzz about a finger to the base;through the back side of the brush roller return on the wrist and fixed.
spiral bandage on all the fingers ( "gauntlets"). Once bandaged one spiral finger bandage lead on the back surface of the hand through the wrist bandage spiral each successive finger until they are all bandaged.On the left hand with the little finger begin to bandage;on the right - with the thumb.Secure the bandage turns of the bandage on the wrist.
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Vosmiobraznaya bandage on the thumb. Bint fixed on the wrist, then leading on the dorsum of the thumb to the nail phalanx and semicircular course covers the palmar surface of the thumb.Bandages on the rear of the brush to his wrist and again repeated vosmiobrazny course, descending lower to the base of the thumb;secure the bandage on his wrist.
bandage on a brush. If you want to wrap your fingers, the bandage-type "gloves", which after fixing at the wrist bandage lead at the rear of the brush on his fingers and vertical strokes cover your fingers with the palm and the rear, and then the horizontal strokes buzz fingers all, securing the bandage at the wrist.
bandage on the elbow or hip. Knee and elbow bandage is recommended converging or diverging bandage in a bent position or vosmiobraznoy type (with unbent).In the area of the hip helical bandage is applied to the bend in the upper third of it is attached to the pelvis moves spica bandage.
bandage on the shin, ankle.At shin bandage on the type of normal spiral with excesses.It covers the entire lower leg to the knee, it is secured with circular strokes.
on ankle bandage is applied vosmiobraznuyu. First make the circular moves over the ankle, then move on to the rear of the foot, leading to the edge of the bandage foot, make it move around and display the bandage to the rear, crossing the criss - cross the previous move.Rounding calf above the ankle, bandage repeat vosmiobrazny course, with each new turn covering the back side of the foot and ankle.
bandage on the foot. bandage fastened around the ankle, and then bypass the stop on the side surfaces, closing the toe and heel, but without tension, your fingers do not bend.
Going on the road with the kids, be sure to grab a minimum set of medicines and dressing materials, which can be useful for trauma care.Of the drugs most likely you may need to ammonia, amidopirina analgin tablets, tincture of iodine, and hydrogen peroxide, which is convenient to wash cuts and scrapes;bactericidal plaster.From dressings - sterile cotton and bandage, elastic bandage for dressing sprawling ligaments and muscles, rubber tourniquet to stop the bleeding.